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Full text of "Annual report of the director of the Department of Archives and History of the State of Mississippi"

NINTH ANNmffiM 
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY OF 
r THE STATE OF MISSISSPPI 




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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GEriEALOGY COLLECTION 



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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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NINTH ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



DIRECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT 

O^F ARCHIVES AND HISTORY OF 

THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI 



FROM 



November 1, 1909, to October 31, 1910 



DUNBAR ROWLAND, LL. D. 
DIRECTOR 



Nashville, Tenn.: 
Press of Brandon Pkinting Company 



C?o 



1733115 

LETTER SUBMITTING THE NINTH AND TENTH 

ANNUAL REPORTS OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE 

DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY. 



To the Legislature of the State of Mississippi: 

Gentlemen : — We have the honor to submit herewith the 
Ninth and Tenth Annual Reports of the Director of the De- 
partment of Archives and History for the biennial period, No- 
vember I, 1909, to October 31, 191 1. 

In our last letter of transmittal we gave the highest possible 
endorsement of the historical work of the State, under the direc- 
tion of Dr. Dunbar Rowland, and urged a liberal increase of 
appropriations and salaries. We again make that request and 
urge its importance. 

The work of the Historical Department has been so useful, 
and its achievements so great, that we urge you to make larger 
appropriations. 

We feel that our requests are reasonable in view of the fact 
that other States appropriate $25,000.00 a year for the support 
of historical undertakings and $5,000.00 a year as the salary 
of the directors of such important work. 

Yours very respectfully, 

R. W. Jones, 
Edward Mayes, 
J. R. Preston, 
R. H. TnoMPbON, 

W. B. MURRAH, 

W. T. Ratliff, 
Franklin L. Riley, 
J. M. White, 
G. H. Brunson. 
Trustees Department of ArcJiivcs and History. 

Jackson, Miss., Nov. 15, 1911. 



FINANCIAL REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND 
HISTORY, FROM OCTOBER i, 1910, TO SEPTEMBER 30, 191 1. 

Salary of Director — 

For 1910 $ 666 75 

For 191 1 1,333 20 

Salary of Assistant — 

For 1910 333 47 

For 191 1 666 40 

Maintenance Fund — 

For 1 910 2,010 91 

For 191 1 2,795 24 

Traveling Expenses for 191 1 243 05 

Preparing,- Editing, etc., of Publications — 

For 1910 . 300 00 

For 191 1 362 80 

Total Disbursements, Chapter 35, Laws 1910 $ 8,711 82 



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The Seal of the Department of Archives and History of the State of 
Mississippi was provided for in the Code of 1906. It was designed by the 
Director of the Department Xovember 15, 1906, and was first used as an 
official seal in February, 1907. 

The date, 1540, was the time of the coming of the Spaniards under 
DeSoto; in 1798 Mississippi Territory was created; the State of Mississippi 
was admitted into the Union in 181 7; the Department of Archives and 
History was established in 1902. 

The scroll with the hand, pen and inscriptit^n represent the truth of 
history as contained in authentic, original documents. The garland oi mag- 
nolia leaves represents the State P'lower of Mississippi. 



NINTH ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



DIRECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 



Department of Archives and History, 

Jackson, Miss.. November i, 1910. 
To Dr. R. IV. Jones, Prof. G. H. Brunson, President J. R. Pres- 
ton, Dr. F. L. Riley, Prof. J. M, White, Capt. W. T. RatUfF, 
Judge R. II. Thompson, Judge Edzvard Mayes, and Bishop 
W. B. Murrah, Trustees of the Mississippi Department of 
Archives and History. 

Gentlemen : — I have the honor to submit my ninth adminis- 
trative and financial report as Director of the Mississippi Depart- 
ment of Archives and History, covering the period from Novem- 
ber I, 1909, to October 31, 1910. 

The various activities which have been mentioned in my pre- 
vious annual reports continue to occupy the attention of the De- 
partment. The work has been very carefully outlined from its in- 
ception, and while the main purpose has been the preservation 
and publication of the sources of Mississippi history, it has ex- 
tended its usefulness to a much broader field, and there is evi- 
dence that its influence has been felt in many States of the Union. 
One who has watched the progress of historical investigation 
in the South for the last ten years, and lias come in contact with 
the work that has been done in developing subjects peculiar to 
our portion of the country, must marvel at its extent and quahty ; 
and I do not think that I am claiming more than we are entitled 
to when I say that Mississippi has a considerable share in this 
progress. It i-", furthermore, interesting to note, in this connec- 
tion, that the recent historical movement in the South, and to 
some extent throughout the country, received a great impulse 
from the estabhshnicnt of State-supj^ortcd historical dopartnients. 



6 

in Alabama in 1901, and in Mississippi in 1902. The success 
that has attended these two pioneer movements in historical in- 
vestigation has encouraged many other States to give support 
to the preservation of history. A decade ago State care, preserva- 
tion and classification of original historical documents were almost 
unknown in the South, and Southern history was largely written 
without regard for authentic sources. This calls for a great deal 
of revision in the future. But there is one thing certain, the 
original records can never be revised, and he who faithfully fol- 
lows them in the preparation of history must feel a satisfaction 
in the knowledge that so much truth has at least been contributed 
to this branch of learning. There may be those who will ques- 
tion it, for truth long hidden from view, w^hen brought to hght, 
sometimes appears as improbable as fiction. However, the pre- 
served record from which it was taken will always stand sponsor 
for the printed sheet. Hence, the great importance of its pres- 
ervation. Such sources, in the past, have been greatly neg- 
lected, and where not destroyed outright have been carelessly 
stored in the attics and cellars of State capitols and other public 
buildings. Here in a state of confusion they Avere inaccessible 
to those who were even willing to make researches. 

Under present conditions, the documentary sources of Ameri- 
can history in the custody of the States are being made accessi- 
ble, transcripts of sources in European archives secured, publica- 
tions of documentary history issued, original papers in private 
hands collected, and the spirit of historical investigation stimu- 
lated to a marked degree. The appropriation of pubHc money 
by the Southern States for history preservation has caused the 
universities and colleges to establish better schools of history, and 
has greatly popularized its study by students and the people gen- 
erally. But, tliough we have reached a point where we can com- 
pare favorably with many of the rnorc advanced vStates, the 
country, as a whole. Is just beginning to feel an awak'ening in the 
scientific care and U'=e of Its historical sources. 

Meet{n<^ of the Board of Trustees. 
The Board of Trustee- of the ^Ti^sissippi Department of 
Archives and Historv held its ci<j:lith annual mcctincr in the Mall 



of History November 9, 1909, with the following members pres- 
ent: Dr. R. W. Jones, Judge R. H. Thompson, Judge Edward 
Mayes, President J. R. Preston, Prof. J. M. White, Prof. G. H. 
Brunson and Dr. F. L. Riley, Dr. R. \V. Jones, President of the 
board, presiding. The annual administrative and financial report 
of the Director was submitted and approved. 

On motion of Professor White, the Legislature was memo- 
rialized to make an appropriation of $3,000.00 for binding classi- 
fied archives. The selection of four members of the board for a 
term of six years, beginning January i, 1910, being in order. 
Bishop W. B. Murrah was elected to succeed Bishop Charles B. 
Galloway, Capt. W. T. Ratliff to succeed Gen. Stephen D. Lee, 
and Judge Edward Mayes and Dr. F. L. Riley to succeed them- 
selves. Judge Edward Mayes was elected Vice-President oT the 
Board to succeed Bishop Charles B. Galloway. The President 
appointed Judge Mayes, Judge Thompson, and President Preston 
as the Executive Committee, and Bishop Murrah, Judge Thomp- 
son, and Judge Mayes, in addition to the President of the Board 
and the Director of the Department, as the Portrait Committee. 
After a discussion of the progress and future development 
of the historical interests of the State, the board adjourned to 
meet in regular session the first week in November, 1910. 

R. W. Jones, 
Dunbar Rowland, President. 

Secretary. 

Nezv York Meeting of the Aiiierieaii Historical Association. 

Among the more important occasions which engage the at- 
tention of the Department at the close of each year is the annual 
meeting of the American Historical Association, which, in this 
instance, was held in New York City, December 27 to 31, iC-oo. 
under the auspices of Cohunbia University. It marked the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of the organization, and having a program of 
exceptional excellence the meeting proved to be one of uiuisual 
interest. 

As Chairman of the Committee of Seven on t!ic co-operation 
of Historical Departments and Societie-. I attended the meetiniT 



8 

for the purpose of submitting a report on the successful organi- 
zation of a co-operative movement, by the historical agencies of 
the Mississippi Valley, tor the preparation and publication of a 
calendar of the French archives relating to American history. 
This undertaking has been referred to in my reports of 1908 and 
1909, and as it had its origin in this Department, and has aroused 
much interest in historical circles, it seems to be the proper 
thing to include the history of it, as contained in the reports of 
the committee to the American Historical Association, in the 
official publications of the Department. These reports will, there- 
fore, be found as an appendix of this report and will indicate 
the part taken by the 2^iississippi Department of Archives and 
History in the undertaking. 

Legisaltion, 1810-igii. 

The bill for the maintenance of the Department of Archives 
and History for 1910-1911 was introduced in the Senate by Hon. 
W. K. McLaurin, an able and intluential member from the 
Twelfth District. The appropriation bill for the biennial period, 
1910-1911, carries $15,400.00, a needed increase of $1,800.00 
over the appropriation of 1908-1909, to meet the necessities of 
the growing interests of the Department. 

The Legislature, as a body, has always given its hearty sup- 
port to the Historical Department, and it speaks well for the 
State of Mississippi that it now ranks with any in the Union in 
the care and preservation of its history. 

Confirmation of Trustees. 

In complying witli the terms of tlie statute which requires 
that the names of newly-elected Trustees of the Department be 
sent to the Senate for confirmation, the following communications 
were sent and received : 

DrPARTMF.N-T OF ARCniVES AST) HiSTORY, 

Jackson, Miss., January 15, 1910. 
To THE Senate of the State of Mississippi: 

I have the honor to inform the Senate that at a meetinc: held by the 
Board of Trustees of the Mis.issiiu'i Department of Archives and His- 



9 

tory, November 9, 1909, Judge Edward Mayes, Capt. W. T. Ratliff, Dr. 
VV. B. Murrah, and Dr. F. L. Riley, were elected trustees of said Depart- 
ment for a term of six years, beginning- January- i, 1910. 

As provided by law, the names of the trustees-elect are submitted to 
the Senate for confirmation. 

Very respectively yours, 

Dunbar Rowland, 

Secretary. 

The action of the Senate appears in the following" communi- 
cation : 

Senate Chamber, 
Jackson, Miss., February- 25, 1910. 
Hon. Dunbar Rowland, Secretary of Board of Trustees, Department of 
Archives and Hisf-on^ of the State of ]Mississippi : 

Dear Sir : — This is to advise you that the Senate did, on February 24, 
1910, confirm the election of Judge Edward Mayes, Dr. W. B. Murrah, 
Capt. W. T. Ratliff, and Dr. F. L. Riley as trustees of the Mississippi 
Department of Archives and History, for a term of six years, beginning 
January i, 1910. 

Yours very respectfully, 

Frank Roberson, 

Secretary. 

Classification of State Archives. 

The classification of the State Archives preparatory to bind- 
ing, indexing and calendaring has been conducted on a larger 
scale this year year than formerly and ver)' satisfactory progress 
has been made. It is difficult to realize the magnitude of such 
an undertaking, but though it is a task that involves great pa- 
tience and labor, I am sanguine that it can finally be accom- 
plished by intelligent perseverance. Historians who have used 
our classified collections heartily commend our system ; however, 
the further development which includes binding, indexing and 
calendaring, will perfect the system and make the State records 
as accessible as the words of a dictionary. 

Publications of tJic Department. 

The publications of the Department have licretofore been paid 
for out of the public printing fund of the State. Theoretically, 



10 

that plan was a good one, but experience has shown that its prac- 
tical application was difficult. While the Department was author- 
ized to draw upon the public printing fund for its publications 
of documentary history, that fund was frequently exhausted when 
we were ready to issue a volume. Under the new law the De- 
partment is provided with a separate appropriation for the va- 
rious publications which it issues, and under that provision pub- 
lications can be issued with more regularity. 

The law providing for the publication of the Official and Sta- 
tistical Register directs that it be distributed free of cost to the 
recipient. This is a wise provision, for the reason that the con- 
tents of the Register are of more immediate and universal use 
to the people, and it is to the advantage of the State that it 
should have a wide circulation, v/hich could not be secured were 
there any expense attached to the volumes. A different rule, 
however, should be adopted in the distribution of the Mississippi 
archive publications ; these appeal to and are needed by the stu- 
dent, and do not concern the average reader so much. The de- 
mand from libraries and other educational institutions is very 
extensive ; and when we take into consideration that the State is 
now in possession of some of the most notable collections of his- 
torical transcripts in the United States it is unwise in future to 
allow these volumes to be sent out free of charge by the Depart- 
ment. I, therefore, suggest that the publications, entitled '']\Iis- 
sissippi Provincial Archives/' be sold at the fixed price of $3.00 
a volume, that the revenue derived from such sales be used for 
the purcha'^e of transcripts, or other historical material, and for 
preparing and editing publications. 



Transcripts of European Arciiivcs. 

The work of transcribing French, Englisli. and Spanish ar- 
chives concerning IMississippi history has been in progress four 
years. Few, if any. of the otlier Stales of the Union have se- 
cured such an extensive collection of documentary material re- 
lating to their colonial liist'>ry as is now on file in the ^lississippi 
Historical r)cpartmcnt. The \vork of transcribing documents in 



11 

the archives of England and Spain has been completed, but the 
copying of French documents is still in progress. 

Use of the Department s Collections. 

The publication by the Department of Historical Research of 
the Carnegie Institution, of Washington, of a list of documents 
in Spanish archives relating to the history of the United States, 
which includes the Spanish transcripts of this Department, has 
directed attention to our collections, and even a casual glance 
over the list will show how rich Mississippi is in this material. 
No restriction has been placed upon visiting students in the use 
of our transcripts and original records, and during the past year 
historians of national reputation liavc gathered data from the 
collections of the Department. Tliis liberal policy we believe has 
brought the State into favor with many historians and students, 
as not only a profitable but a pleasant field for investigation. 

Guide to Mississippi Archives. 

The preparation of a guide to the ?\Iississippi archives for the 
use of investigators has been undertaken and will form a part 
of the system adopted for classification as that work advances. 
Such aids are of incalculable value, and any Historical Department 
having them gains favor in historical circles. It not only lessens 
the drudgery of making investigations in manuscript sources, bnt 
economizes time that could be devoted to the main object. 

Mtiseuni. 

The accessions to the State museum since the last rej^ort con- 
sist of the well-preserved company fiag of the Blount Ritles. a 
number of rare manuscripts, Indian antiquities, and various relics 
of Confederate sol(lier>. Additional cases b.ave been purchased 
for the reception of these, and special attention is being given 
to this particular feature, for. as P.isboo Cbnlc- P.. Gn.!](rA-av b.as 
wisely observed, thi- is one of tlie surest means of stimulating 
State pride and creating an intere-t in history among tlie people. 

In England, the British nuiseum is regarded as one of tb.e 
most valued possessions of the realm, an<l is conducted l)y a titled 



12 

official appointed by the King, and while we in Mississippi are 
just beginning to understand the value of such things sufficiently 
to want them in our midst, it is gratifying to feel that we have 
marked a course taken by the best civilizations. 

Portrait of Gen. Jacob H. Sharp. 

An oil portrait of Gen. Jacob H. Sharp was presented by his 
family through Hon. E. D. Cavette, during the month of Febru- 
ary, 1910. General Sharp was a gallant Confederate soldier 
whose memory should be preserved by the people of Mississippi. 

Ncivspaper Files of the Department. 

Newspaper tiles are now regarded as valuable historical 
sources when used with caution in connection wdth original rec- 
ords. The Department has quite a noteworthy collection, and 
we trust that we shall some day be able to purchase several large 
and very important files now in private hands. 

In connection with this subject, it may be of interest to note 
that the newspapers of the present day, printed as they are on 
wood pulp paper, are ver\^ perishable. Efforts have been made 
to induce tlie publishers to get out a limited edition on durable 
rag paper, but as yet the suggestion has not been adopted. 

The Department has about three hundred and fifty volumes of 
valuable newspapers ready for binding, which will make their con- 
tents easily accessible to the reader, and save much valuable time 
in the location of data. 

Binding Documents. 

Tlie bindino; of historical manuscripts insures them against the 
injury c:iu-ed h\' handling fuorc than any other method of preser- 
vation. In tlie i>rescnt condition of our records, however. I think 
it best to wait until the classification now in progress is com- 
pleted be lore the I^indings are put on. Were we to begin bind- 
ing now it is [)ossible that after a related series of documents 
had been b^Mind later searches might reveal documents which 
belong in tliat ^crie^. Cunfu.sion. also, uiiglu arise in numbering the 



13 

volumes. It is the purpose, however, of the Department to in the 
future pay especial attention to the hinding of manuscript rec- 
ords, for, as we have already observed, nothing- preserves records 
that are constantly being handled more than proper binding. 
This is especially applicable to the Confederate records which 
are constantly being handled in giving certificates to veterans 
procuring pensions. 

The Lazvs of Mississippi Territory. 

The Laws of Mississippi Territory, 1799-1817, have been 
carefully collected and chronologically arranged. There is, I be- 
lieve, no complete set of these laws in printed form collected in 
one place. If there is, diligent inquiry has failed to locate it. 
One of the publications to be issued by tlie DepartnieuL bOon 
will contain these laws. 

The laws and legislative journals of Mississippi Territory 
were regularly printed, as is shown by the bids of the printers of 
Natchez and \\^ashington and by vouchers by the Treasurer of 
the territory showing payment for printing them. 

Jefferson Davis Papers. 

The Department has for four years been making a collection 
of the writings of Jefferson Davis, with a view of editing and 
publishing several volumes of the material. Valuable additions 
are being constantly made to the collection, and the undertaking 
has been received with interest throughout the country. Such a 
publication as this, bringing together in one place his own words 
and thoughts, would be of inestimable value in revealing the true 
position upcin public questi(^ns of this grcnt Southern leader, and 
would enable the reader to gather impressions first hand. 

Assisfa}ice to Confederate f^etcrans. 

Among the numerous certificates given C(m federate veterans 
and their descendants of service rendered by Mississippi soldiers 
in the Confederate armies are many issued yearly by the Depart- 
ment to veterans seeking pensions. In man\ instances the apjili- 
cant has removed to another State, but in all careful investiea- 



14 

tion of the records is made in order that nothing may be left un- 
done to enable the old soldiers in procuring pensions. In nearly 
every instance I have been able to locate their service, for, while 
there are necessarily some omissions caused by loss of records, 
both during and after the war, our collection represents one of 
the largest of any Southern State. And it might be well to say 
that while the activities of the Department embrace the care and 
custody of the State records since provincial days, and the records 
of every period are carefully preserved, no period has received 
more especial attention than that of the Civil War. By unremit- 
ting efforts the original muster rolls, minutes of military boards, 
order books, correspondence, diaries, scrap books, official reports, 
telegrams, registers of appointments, newspaper files, and mili- 
tary service blanks filled out by sundvors have been collected and 
carefully preserved. This has formed the basis of the Confeder- 
ate military history prepared by this Department, that it repre- 
sents the most reliable sources of Confederate military history 
is patent to all ; and the day has come when it is being recognized 
that the only correct history is that which is gathered form origi- 
nal records. By tliat m.ethod our contribution will at least be a 
truthful and accurate one, and that is the most important contri- 
bution we can make to history. 

Seventh and Eighth Annual Reports. 

The seventh and eighth annual reports were published in one 
volume, the seventh having as a supplement the military journal 
of Capt. Isaac Guion, who commanded the expedition charged 
with the duty of representing the United States in the occupation 
of the Spanish military posts east of the ^lississippi River, in 
accordance with the terms of the treaty of San Lorenzo el Real. 
The journal is a valuable contribution to the documentary history 
of the United States, and the demand for the report containing 
it has been unusually large. 

International Congress of Archives at Brussels. 

At the meeting of the American Historical Association, held 
in the city of New York, I was appointed as one of the delegates 



15 

to represent the Association at the International Congress of Ar- 
chists, held in Brussels, August 28-31, 1910. Later the Secre- 
tary of the Congress invited me to read a paper dealing with the 
preservation of original historical sources. After deciding that 
the interests of the historical work of the State would be greatly 
advanced by my attendance upon the Congress as a member of 
the National Public Archives Commission, and delegate of the 
American Historical Association, I secured a leave of absence 
from Governor Noel, in accordance with the law, and made my 
arrangements to attend the Congress. It was a very unusual op- 
portunity, and I trust that the ideas gathered from this great 
body of scholars v/ill be reflected in our work for Mississippi. 

In going over I was very fortunate to have for company Mr. 
Gaillard Hunt, the scholarly chief of the Manuscript Division of 
the Library of Congress. He was also a delegate from the Amicr- 
ican Historical Association, and, in addition, was made the official 
representative of the government and of the Library of Congress. 
This gave us unusual advantages in meeting foreign officials in 
every city we visited. We stopped a few days in London and 
passed the time most profitably studying archive methods in the 
Public Record Office and in the British Museum. As I have in 
former reports given a somewhat lengthy account of archive con- 
ditions in England, I shall not enlarge upon the subject here any 
more than to reiterate that the preservation gf original historical 
records in London employs a miore scientific method than any, 
perhaps, in operation in Europe since their idea of concentration 
enables them to apply rules that permit of a systematic and logi- 
cal arrangement. 

The Brussels International Congress of Archives emphasized 
as nothing else could so well have done the supreme importance 
of history, and the advancement shown in archive administration 
is most marvelous. 

Learned historians took part in the discussions, and the pa- 
pers submitted covered every phase of the subject of tlie preserva- 
tion, classification, and publication of archives. Many of them 
were of a highly technical nature, and very instructive. For my 
own paper I chose the subject. "The Importance of the Concen- 
tration of National Archives," and treated it from the standpoint 



16 

of concentration being- the surest means of obtaining- scientific 
classification. The subject was sug-gested to me by my investig-a- 
tions in the national archives at Wasliing-ton, where the records 
are scattered in one hundred widely separated repositories, a 
condition that will always hamper a log-ical and scientific classi- 
fication. Much confusion prevails in the care of our national 
records, and that this condition existed, more or less, in other 
countries I felt quite sure; hence, the paper submitted appealed 
to a common interest, and elicited some favorable comment; and, 
I trust, will have some slig^ht influence in the g"reat movement 
on foot for the better care of the documentary sources of history. 
The Congress airorded a great intellectual opportunity, the 
city of Brussels was lavish in its entertainment, and the inter- 
change of thought and social courtesies throughout the many 
sessions by those representing many different nationalities could 
but be producive of universal benefit. In addition, our own dele- 
gation had the hospitalities of the American legation extended it 
by Hon. Page Bryan, and we, furthermore, enjoyed the attentions 
of American ofiicials in every place we visited. 



Study of Archive Repositories. 

During my stay in Brussels I investigated, in so far as the 
sessions of Congress permitted, the Belgian archives. After 
leaving Brussels I spent nine days in the study of archive meth- 
ods in Cologne, Frankfort, Dresden, Berlin, and The Hague. 
While the archives of Germany and Holland have little relation 
to Mississippi history, the methods of their preservation by the 
two countries are worthy of the closest study. The national 
archives of Holland have been concentrated at The Hague in one 
building especially constructed for a great record repository. The 
Dutch are very proud of their history and are liberal in their 
appro]>riations for tlie preservation of historical records. 

The German Empire is of such recent origin that no great 
accumulation of national archives has been made. All the terri- 
torial divisions of the Empire have well conducted archive de- 
partments, the most important being those of Saxony and Prussia. 

During my stay in Frankfort I had the pleasure of being en- 



17 

tertained by Dr. Alexander Franz, the scholarly German histo- 
rian who is writing a history of the Mississippi Valley. Dr. 
Franz visited us in the spring of 1909 in the prosecution of this 
undertaking. In connection with this, it is worth while to note 
that many European historians are writing American history, 
much of which g:ives evidence of careful investigration. 



t>' 



National Archive B nil ding. 

. The very great need of a National Archive Building' in Wash- 
ington is becoming more evident each year. The use of the 
official archives of the government is nov/ recognized as a neces- 
sity in the preparation of history. Under the existing conditions, 
it is practically impossible, to make satisfactory historical !n\'e?ti- 
gations. 

As we have already observed, the national records as a whole 
are in a state of confusion, a condition that will yearly grow v/orse 
unless there is an entire change in the system of preserving them. 
This does not apply to the well-kept collection known as the rec- 
ords of the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress, 
which is the best-kept record department in the United States. 
But this is only a very small handful of the documentary history 
of the country, and the time has arrived when serious thought 
must be given its care and preservation. 

In the care of our official records we are now passing through 
the same confusion that existed in England previous to tlie erec- 
tion of the Pubhc Record Office in 1856. The archives of the 
kingdom were scattered about in sixty repositories with but h"trle 
care or supervision. There was only one way to remedy the 
situation, and that was concentration in one place where system- 
atic classification could be undertaken. 

The policy of concentration has been adopted by England. 
France, Holland, and Austria, and its adoption by all conntries 
is only a matter of time. The subject is treated here for the rea- 
son that legislation for a National Archive P.uikling nni-t be 
asked for by the various States where the value of special archive 
repositories is appreciated. Many of the Statc> of the I'nion arc 
far in advance of tlic national government in the care atid appre- 



IS 

elation of historical records, and a popular demand is sure to 
come for a better system for the preservation of the national 
archives. Mississippi is in a position to be of some service in the 
movement, and since we are, along with every other State, vitally 
concerned in its success, it is certain to receive our approbation 
and influence. 

Conclusion. 

The continuance of the various activities now in progress will 
occupy the attention of the Department during the coming year. 
The past year has been one of very satisfactory progress. We 
have already outgrown the quarters assigned us in the capitol, 
and in a few more years we shall be at a loss how to preserve our 
collections. On this important subject I beg to refer you to my 
report of last year, in which the needs of the Department in the 
matter of more room are fully set forth. Many of the States with 
large and progressive Historical Departments have a building 
set apart exclusively for their use, and it is believed that ]^Iissis- 
sippi will, in a few more years, follow this example. 

In conclusion, I not only want to thank the Board of Trustees 
and the members of the Legislature for their kind co-operation 
in advancing the best interests of the Department, but the faithful 
and efficient employees as well, who have so harmoniously worked 
together for years to bring it up to the high standard maintained 
by the best institutions of its kind. 

Respectfully submitted, 

DuxBAR Rowland, 

Director. 



FIX.AN'CIAL REPORT SEPTEMBER ARCHIVES AND HISTORY. 

Salary of Director — Balance, October i, 1910 $ 666.75 

Balance. October 26. T910 500.10 

Salary of .Assistant — Balance. October r. loio 333 47 

Balance, October 26, 1910 ■250.17 

^faintenance. 1910 — Balance. October r. 1010. • 2.010.9T 

Balance. October 16. 1910. 1.887.60 

Traveling Expenses, 1910 — No balance October i, 1910. 

Preparing, editing, etc., Publications — Balance, October i. loio. . 1.200.CX) 

Balance, October 26, loio. i.joo.(X) 



APPENDIX 



An account of a coHDperative movement in the American 
Historical Association for the calendaring of French archives 
relating to the history of the Alississippi basin, proposed by Dr. 
Dunbar Rowland at the meeting of the Association, held at ■Madi- 
son, Wisconsin, December 27-31, 1907. 

See Annual Reports of the x\merican Historical Association 
of 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910. 

The Co-operation of State Historical Societies in the Gathering of 
Materia! in Foreign Archives. 

If there is. a characteristic which differentiates the new school 
of American historians from the old it is the more extensive use 
of original historical materials. The exclusive use of printed 
sources is no longer permissible among scientific historical w'riters 
of the present day. While it is not intended to make invidious 
comparisons, it is quite generally believed that the American 
investigators of to-day are making a more extensive use of the 
archives of the English Public Record Office concerning colonial 
affairs in North America than the historians of the mother 
country. 

In the past a few American historians have had access to the 
archives of England. France, and Spain, but such private inves- 
tigations are expensive and can be made only by the favored few\ 
If these invalual^le sources are to come into general use it must 
be through transcripts collected by well-equipped and thoroughly 
organized historical agencies, such as State departments of ar- 
chives and history and State-Supported historical societies, aided 
and advised h\ tlie Department ni TTistorical Rosearch in Hu^ T'ar- 
negie Institute of Washington and the Manuscript Division of tlie 
Library of Congress. If this great work is well done there must 
be the fullest co-operation on the part of the States interested in it. 

It is cntirelv unnecessary to dwell upon tlie \alne and impor- 
tance of foreign archives in a conference like this, and I shall, 
therefore, address myself to the practical side of the sul)ject. 



20 

The State of Mississippi is interested in the archive collections 
of the three great colonizing countries of Europe, and is having 
transcripts made in England, Spain, and France. The work is 
being done through the State Department of Archives and His- 
tory, and v/as inaugurated in the summer of 1906 after a personal 
study of the materials made by the Director of the Department. 

There are seven great foreign repositories of historical mate- 
rials in which the States of the Union have a vital interest — two 
in England, two in France, and three in Spain. Many of the 
States are interested in two of these, some in more, and some in 
all. The English archives relating to American history are depos- 
ited mainly in the Public Record Office and the British Museum. 
There are, of course, other valuable collections in England which 
will bear investigation, and the same may be said of France and 
Spain. In France, possibly, the most valuable collections for 
American history are in tlie Ministry of the Marine and the Biblio- 
theque Nationale. The great repositories of Spanish archives 
concerning American history are in Madrid, Seville, and Siman- 
cas. In a paper like this I shall not be able to dwell upon the 
history, extent, and character of these great collections. 

British Archives. 

It is very generally conceded that Great Britain has the most 
extensive, carefully collected, and best public records in the world. 
The English have wisely established the policy of concentrating 
the historical archives of the country in one central repository. 
This was brought about by what is known as the public record 
act of 1838, which provides for placing the archives of the na- 
tion in one worthy and suitable building, under the custody of 
the Master of the Rolls. This great plan was finally accomplished 
by the erection of the Public Record Office, Chancery Lane. Lon- 
don. To this splendid edifice have been transferred thousands 
of tons of the most precious historical treasures of England. 

The three great sources of American colonial history in th.o 
Public Record Ofhcc are : ( O the records called Colonial Papers ; 
(2) the papers of the committee of privy council for plantation 
affairs, later the board of trade and plantations, which was estab- 



21 

lished in the reign of Charles II.; (3) the papers of the Secre- 
tary of State, known as "America and West Indies." These col- 
lections of well-preserved historical materials of the first class 
are enough to arouse all the enthusiasm of the investigator. 
Generally speaking, the documents may be classified as : 

(a) Copies of letters, commissions, and instructions from the board of 
trade, or from the secretary of state, for the settlement, development, 
and government of the colonies. 

(b) Original papers of the colonial governors to the home Government. 

(c) Entry books, containing copies of letters from the secretary of state 
to- the governors of the colonies. 

(d) Admiralty dispatches from the colonial naval stations to the sec- 
retary of the admiralty. 

(e) Military papers dealing with military posts and general condi- 
tions. 

(f) Minutes of the councils and general assemblies of the colonies. 

(g) Acts of the colonies. 

(/i) Journals of the board of trade. 

(0 Registers of grants and sales of land. 

(/) Manuscript maps and plans ; reports of explorations, giving de- 
scriptions of the flora, fauna, and geology of the colonies; methods of 
agriculture; manners, customs, and fighting strength of Indian tribes; 
treaties with Indians; settlement of boundary disputes, and other inter- 
esting materials too numerous to mention. 

French Archives. 

The historical archives of France have been carefully col- 
lected and preserved, but there is a difference in method from 
that which prevails in England. While the English have estab- 
lished a central repository, for the purpose of concentrating m 
one place all important national archives, the French have al'oucd 
the public records of the nation to remain in the various '.fiart- 
ments of the government in which they originated. Both nation'^ 
have shown the same appreciation of th.c importance of preserv- 
ing and systematizing historical Tnateria!> which contains the 
story of two great colonial civilizations. 

The archives of the Minislrv of the ?^rarine relating to Ameri- 
can history may be classified for present purposes as : 

(a) Royal charters, proclamations, orders, permissions, and decrees, 
relatin-j^ to the discovery, exploration, and settlement of the Mississippi 
Valley. 



22 

(b) Ministerial correspondence, letters sent and letters received, in- 
cluding plans and instructions for the equipment of fleets on voyages of 
discovery and location of settlements, 

(c) General correspondence of the colonial governors relating to the 
settlement and government of the colonies and the daily administration 
of affairs. 

(d) Codes, regulations, lists of colonies, and rosters of troops, officers, 
and sailors. 

(e) Civil acts, notarial, judicial, and ministerial. 

(/) Reports of explorers, traders, trappers, and military officers relat- 
ing to description of the country and trade with the Indians ; papers con- 
cerning the organization of companies for the development of the country. 

(g) Documents dealing with land grants, trading and mining rights. 

(h) Accounts showing the sums expended in the exploration of the 
country. 

(i) Papers relating to the establishment of missions by the Jesuits. 

(/) IManuscript maps and plans. 

Spanish Archives. 

It is sufficient for the purpose of this discussion to state that 
the great repositories of Spanish archives relating- to American 
history are in Madrid, Seville, and Simancas. The same 2:eneral 
classitication which has been given the iingiish and French mate- 
rials appHes to the Spanish archives. While these documents are 
not of the same general interest to all parts of the United States 
as those having English or French origin, they are of the greatest 
possible value to the States of the South. The Spanish materials 
contain the very beginning of the exploring and colonizing forces 
operating in America, which founded a great colonial empire 
before England and France realized the possibilities of trade 
and commerce with the New W^orld. The English, French, and 
Spanish historical materials are. therefore, the best fields for the 
activities of American historical agencies in the collections of 
transcripts. 

Selection of Docioneiits. 

In making arranq:cments with foreign archivists for trans- 
scripts it is neces<.iry that erreai rare be used Iti designating the 
docmnents which arc to be copied. Tf care is not exercised, a 
large sum might be easil>' expended on tran-crlpts that are not 
wanted or that have already l)een copied or printed. In order 



23 

to avoid this danger, full, complete, and explicit written instruc- 
tions should be given. In placing an order for transcripts of 
Spanish archives relating to Mississippi history, which are de- 
posited in the Archives of the Indies in Seville, the following 
instructions w^ere given for the guidance of the archivists, and 
as they may be of some service in new transcript undertakings, 
I give them in full : 

Suggestions for making an investigation of documentary historical 
material of Louisiana and West Florida, concerning the State of Missis- 
sippi, United States of America, deposited in the archives of the Indies 
at Seville, Spain. 

1. The investigation should cover that period of time extending from 
1779 to 1798-1813 (a part of cur State being evacuated in 1798 and part 
in 1813), or from the beginning to the end of the Spanish occupation. 
It will also be well to include a period of two years immediately preced- 
ing the military, operations of Galvez in order that full details may be 
obtained. 

2. Papers in general relating to Biloxi, Natchez. Mobile. Pass Chris- 
tian, Fort Charlotte, Dauphine Island, Baton Rouge, Los Xogales or 
Walnut Hills, Manchac, Fort St. Louis, Yazoo, and Fort Tombecbe, as 
well as to any sort of settlement on the east bank of the Mississippi 
River, or in the territory included between the river. 31 degrees and 35 
degrees north latitude, and east of the Chattahoochee River. 

3. Correspondence of the officers commanding at the posts designated 
in No. 2, including correspondence or instructions to them from the cap- 
tain-general or from the home government; papers from or to Ca^ett, 
Treveno, Miro, Picrnas. Dauligny, Grand Pre, Gayoso de Lemos. Espeleta. 
Folch, Lanzas, and Alinor. etc.; and the correspondence of the several 
governors of Louisiana and West Florida, including O'Reiliy, Unzaga. De 
La Torre. Galvez, IMiro. Carondelet, and Casa Calvo. 

4. Papers concerning the surrounding Indian tribes in anv way. such 
as treaties and trade with, purchase of land from, and bestowal of 
presents on. inc'uding Creeks, also written "'Cricks" and '"Creeks"; Tai- 
puchcs; Chicachas. also written "Chicasp,'^." "Choctas." etc.; also corres- 
pondence and dcalin'-;s of Alejandro McGilli\ray. Bowles, and other 
representatives n\ the Indians in their relations with ilu- Spaniards and 
the Americans, so far as the sense of such dealings was laid in the terri- 
tory described in No. 2. 

5. Papers deaHng with explorations by kTud c^r water, especially of '^uch 
rivers as the Mississippi, from the mouth to ,'^S degrees north, the Pearl. 
Iberville, Yazoo. Mobile. Tombecbe. St. Catherine, HomochiUo. and BiQ 
Black, also the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. b(M'ne now the southern 



24 

coast of Mississippi and Alabama, also the interior to the north bet^veen 
the Mississippi River on the west, the Chattahoochee River on the east, 
and the thirty-fifth degree of latitude on the north. 

6. Papers relating to the boundaries of Louisiana and West Florida 
and to the boundary commission (Comision de Limites). 

7. Maps of any part of the coast or rivers, posts, forts, settlements, 
or boundaries of the territory described in No. 5. 

8. Land grants in the same territory described in No. 5, giving only 
grantor, grantee, where situated, and quantity of land granted. 

9. Descriptions of the country by traders, explorers, hunters, trappers, 
or others passing through, the territory under consideration. 

10. Orders, proclamations, or letters from the home government rela- 
tive to the exploration, settlement and regulation of the territory. 

11. Do not copy documents that have been printed or reproduced by 
photographic process. 

Co-operation of Historical Agencies. 

If the work of securing- transcripts of foreign archives pro- 
ceeds entirely along independent lines, there must necessarily be 
quite a waste of energy and money. How to prevent such waste 
by intelligent, systematic co-operation is the question. It seems 
that very many of the problems may be solved by the affiliation 
and co-operation of the States having a common object. To 
illustrate: The entire Mississippi Valley has a common interest 
in the archives of France, but it would be entirely unneces.-ary 
and very unwise for a State to attempt to secure transcripts of 
all materials concerning the Valley of the Mississippi which are 
de|X)sited in French repositories. It is very necessary, however, 
for each State to secure copies of the documents which bear 
directly upon its history. In addition to such a series of docu- 
ments, it will be found necessary, also, for each State to have 
certain papers which are fundamental, such as charters and or- 
ganic acts. While duplication is to be avoided, it is necessary to 
a certain extent. To avoid unnecessary duplication is one of the 
problems to be worked out. If each State confines itself to tlio^e 
documents which are of the first importance to its history, the 
problem of dupli<'ation will, in a large measure, be solved. To 
accomplish this it is necessary that a careful preliminarv study 
of the series of documents from which transcripts are desired 
should be made, and such a study can only be made by one bav- 



ing wide knowledge of local State history supplemented by an 
archivist who fully understands his collections. This prehminary 
study is of the first importance. 

The next step to be taken is the preparation of a calendar of 
those documents which have been found to be essential to the 
State making the investigation. This calendar should be care- 
fully studied for the purpose of indicating the papers to be 
transcribed. These calendars should be printed in the reports of 
the departm.ents and societies and transmitted to the Carnegie 
Institution of Washington and to the manuscript division of the 
Library of Congress. By this means these great historical agen- 
cies could act as clearing houses for the local departments and 
societies throughout the Union. By means of such reports a 
coro.mon source of information would be provided which could 
be drawn upon at any time. 

Tentative Suggestions. 

I take it that this conference is intended to be only the begin- 
ning of a movement which has for its object the ultimate collec- 
tion of all European sources of x\merican history by either na- 
tional or State agencies. From a national standpoint, this un- 
dertaking is being admirably conducted by the Library^ of Con- 
gress and the Carnegie Institution, and many States are doing 
good work along local lines. In working out the problem from 
the standpoint of the States, the following: tentative suc^gestions 
are offered for the consideration of the conference: 

1. In the collection of documents concerning national history the his- 
torical agencies of Washington should have an exclusive field. 

2. All the States should supplement the national collections by secur- 
ing the documents which deal primarily with the local history of each 
State. 

3. In order to secure the best results, there should be worked out a plan 
for the fullest co-operation of the States having common interests. 

4. In securing transcripts a thorough study of the collections to be 
used shouiil be made by one having special titness tor the wori<. 

5. Each collecting agency should conl'me itself strictly to materials 
which are primarily essential to the histor>- of the State which it repre- 
sents. 



26 

6. The States should report promptly and fully to a central agency on 
all transcripts collected. 

7. This conference should refer this entire question to a committee of 
seven appointed at this meeting, with instructions to report at its next 
annual session. 

The work of collecting from foreign archives the materials of 
American history is one of the most important undertakings 
which can engage the attention of the historians of the country; 
and if this conference can give additional impulse to such a 
movement, it will have accomplished much for the advancement 
of scientific history. 

Mr. Rowland's paper was discussed at considerable length by 
Prof. C. W. Alvord, of the University of Illinois, who presented 
various possible methods by which the field of historical work 
might be apportioned among the historical societies of the }^Iis- 
sissippi \^alley ; and more brieliy by Dr. J. F. Jameson, of the 
Department of Historical Research in the Carnegie Institution 
of Washington: by Mr. C. S. Paine, of the Nebraska Historical 
Society, and by Mr. R. G. Thwaites. Mr. Paine referred to the 
recently organized Mississippi Valley Historical Society as af- 
fording a practical m.ethod of securing co-operation. A? a result 
of this discussion it was voted, on motion of ^Ir. Rowland, that 
a committee of seven be appointed by the Chairman of this con- 
ference for the purpose of formulating and reporting at the next 
annual meeting a plan for the co-operation of State historical 
societies and departments .in the collecting and publication of 
historical materials in the form of transcripts or original docu- 
ments, and that the committee be authorized to report fully and 
completely upon the subject referred to it. The Chairman subse- 
quently appointed the following committee: Dunbar Rovvdand. 
Chairman, Mississippi Department of Archi\'es and Histor\- : J. 
Franklin Jamc-on. Carnegie Institution: Fvarts B. Greene. Uni- 
versity of Illinois: Thomas M. Owen. .Alabama Department of 
.'Vrchives and History: Benjamin F. Shambaugh, Iowa State Uni- 
versity: R. G. Thwaites. Wisconsin Stale Historical Sorietv: 
Wortliingioii C Vovd, Division of Manuscripts. Library of Con- 
gress. 



Submitted at tlic Richmond Mcetijig of the American Historical 
Association, Held December 28-^1, ipo8. 

First upon the programme, following' the report of the Secre- 
tary, came the report of the comniittee appointed at the fourth 
conference, in 1907, to consider the question of co-operative en- 
terprises by historical societies. The report, read by Dr. Dunbar 
Rowland, Chairman of the Committee, is of such importance as 
to warrant its inclusion in full in this report of the conference. 

REPORT OF CO^IMITTEE ON CO-OPERATION OF HISTORICAL 
SOCIETIES AND DEPART^IENTS TO THE CONFERENCE OF 
STATE AND LOCAL HISTORICAL SOCIETIES OF THE 
AMERICAN HLSTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 

The Committee of seven on Co-operation of Hist-orical Societies and 
Departments submits the following report of progress: 

The first conference of the historical societies represented in the 
American Historical Association was hold in the library of the Reynolds 
Club House, L'niversity of Chicago, December 29, 1004. Since that time 
the conference has been one of the regular features of the annual meet- 
ings of the association. At the hrst meeting co-operation along the lines 
of publication was discussed, but no practical plan was suggested. It 
was quite generary conceded that co-operation among historical societies, 
having interests in common, was very desirable if the proper field could 
be agreed upon. Since the first conference the idea of co-operation has 
been growing and taking form. 

Conference at M.\nisoN. 

At the meeting of the association, held at Madison, December 27-31. 
1907, one of the subjects for discussion in the conference was 'The co- 
operation of state historical societies and departments in the gathering 
of material in foreign archives." That discussion led to tlie appointm.ent 
of a comimittec of seven, charged with the duty, as stated in the minutes 
of the secretarv", "Of formulating and reporting at tlic next aT^nual meet- 
ing a plan for the co-operation of State historical societies and depart- 
ments in the collection and publication of historical material in tlic form 
of transcripts of original documents: that the committee be authorired 
to report fully and completely upon the suhjocts rofv^rrcfl to it."' 

The chairman of the conference appointed th.e followin-j: committee; 
Dunbar Rowland. Chairman ; J. F. Jameson. Evarts B. Greene. R. G. 
Thwaites. Worthington C. Ford. B. F. Shambauch. and Thomas M, Owen. 

An infor-mal ineetimj of the c"»mmittce was hold in >radison. December 



28 

31, before adjournment of the association, in the North Museum Hall of 
the Wisconsin State Historical Library, for the purpose of fixing a time 
for the consideration of the subject assigned; and it was decided that 
the chairman should call a meeting to be held in Washington, April i6, 
1908, in the office of the Department of Historical Research of the Car- 
negie Institution. At this meeting it was further decided that each mem- 
ber of the committee should make a preliminary study of the field as- 
signed to it. 

Individual Suggestions to Committee. 

In a circular letter of March 12, 1908, to the members of the committee, 
it was suggested, in order that the subject might be considered to better 
advantage, that each member submit to his colleagues, at least two weeks 
in advance of April 16, 1908, a memorandum of plans of co-operation for 
the consideration of the full committee. A majority responded, and the 
following fields for co-operation were suggested : 

First. Co-operation in searches of foreign archive repositories, such 
as the English Public Record Office, the French Ministry of the Colonies, 
and the Spanish archives of the Indies; the v;ork to consist not merely 
of preliminary surveys but of a full descriptive calendar of large collec- 
tions of documents relating to American history. 

Second. Co-operation in copying archives in European repositories 
with the view of securing more accurate transcripts for the use of Ameri- 
can historians. In this connection attention was called to the ver>' grave 
defects in the copies hitherto secured, arising possibly out of a want of 
local knowledge on the part of foreign copyists. 

Third. Co-operation in securing photographic reproductions of Euro- 
pean archives concerning American history, with the view of diminishing 
expense and securing fac similes the accuracy of which could not be ques- 
tioned. 

Fourth. Co-opcrntion in the publication of documentary history com- 
mon to a group of States, the publication being limited to common funda- 
mental sources. 

Fifth. Co-operation in periodical publications, such as Tilstorfcai 
magazines or quarterlies, for the purpose of supplying a common medium 
of information for certain geographical divisions of the country. 

The points above given were suggested in one form or another by all 
rnci-nb':rs of the committee submitting plans for co-operation. This tmani- 
mity without previous consultation may be taken as fairly conclusive that 
the committee centered upon those plans the adoption of which would 
lead to the best results. 



29 



Committee Meeting at Washington. 

At the meeting of the committee in Washington all the members were 
present, with the exception of Doctor Owen, of Alabama, who sent a 
letter stating that important duties at home prevented his attendance. 
Evarts B. Greene was elected secretary. 

It seemed to be the opinion of the committee from the beginning that 
the best field for the co-operation of historical societies lay in the Missis- 
sippi Valley, where so many States were vitally mterejtel in the archives 
of France. It was pointed out that Mississippi, Louisiana, and Wiscon- 
sin had already taken steps to secure accurate transcripts from the ar- 
chive collections in Paris, and that other historical agencies were con- 
sidering similar undertakings. 

It has been found that one of the most serious objections to an inde- 
pendent undertaking for the collection of transcripts of European archives 
Is the heavy expense of searching and calendaring. To be more explicit. 
In placing an order for transcripts of ail documents concernin;^: Missis- 
sippi in the series of archive volumics known as ^^Correspondence gen- 
erate Louisiane," it was necessary to have every document of the .-cries 
read before the work of calendaring could be done. The reading of 55 
large manuscript volumes is a serious undertaking, and calls for quite 
a waste of time, energy, and money. Now, there are 15 States or more 
which are interested in that series, as it contains the history of the French 
domination over the entire Mississippi Valley. Suppose that the his- 
torical agencies of these States should join in a movement for the search- 
ing and calendaring of such materials; in that event the expense would 
be divided into 15 equal parts, it could be easily met, and the undertaking 
would result in lasting benefit to the historical interests of the eiitire coun- 
try. 

In view of these considerations, your committee agreed to consider 
first the general subject of searching European archives for material '-c- 
lating to the Mississippi basin as the most promising field for co-opera- 
tive effort. In this connection Doctor Jameson presented to the com- 
mittee "Notes on material in the French archives relating to the history 
of the rvlississippi Valley," prepared by W. G. Leland. the agent of ihe 
Department of Historical Research of the Carnegie Institution, at pre-^cnt 
engaged in the preparation of a guide to French archives relatinc: to 
American history. The notes prepared by Mr. I. eland were vcr>- b.o'ptn! 
to the committee and pointed out the location of the most conspicuous 
groups of historical material in which th(> States of the Mississippi basin 
are concerned. They also served to empl:a.>izc the very great importance 
of these sources to the proper understanding of th.- struggle between 
England, France, and Spain for the control of a continent. 

In the discussion which followed three important conclusions were 
reached. First, that it is ^e^v d.sirable that the French archives relatinc 



30 

to the Mississippi Valley should be made accessible in the United States; 
second, that it is not possible for one ag-ency to secure a complete set of 
such transcripts; third, that it is possible to secure a complete set by 
co-operative effort. 

ExPL.\NAT0RY. 

It is probably unnecessary to attempt even a brief sur\-ey of the col- 
lections in the French archives as sources of Mississippi Valley history. 
Such a survey i? outside of the province of this report. An exhaustive 
study of these archives is now being made by the Department of His- 
torical Research of the Carnegie Institution, the results of which will be 
given to students in due time. 

It is necessary, however, to say that the French archives afford the 
richest field of practically unexplored material concerning the lower South 
and the middle West that is to be found in European repositories. In no 
other collection can such good results be obtained. These archives are 
to the middle West and lower South what the colleclionb of the English 
Public Record Office are to the Atlantic States. In other words, they are 
the fundamentals in the settlement and government of a territory of great 
resources and unboimded possibilities. 

In the selection of the ^Mississippi Valley as the first field for co- 
operative effort your committee does not wish to be understood as taking 
the position that no other group of States affords similar opportunities, 
or of recommending that such efforts should be confined to the Mississippi 
Valley alone. The position of the committee is that at present conditions 
are more favorable to the accomplishment of successful co-operation there 
than elsewhere. If the plan succeeds in the Mississippi Valley it is to be 
expected that it will be adopted by other States having interests in com- 
mon. 

Recommendations. 

"In view of the premises, your committee submits for consideration th.e 
following recommendations: 

First. That the historical agencies of the Mississippi Valley join in 
a co-operative search of the French archives for historical material re- 
lating to the States embraced in that territory. 

Second. That a complete working calendar of all material in these 
archives relating to the Mississippi basin be prepared by an agent ap- 
pointed by the rv-preseutativcs of the conference having the matter in hand. 

Third. That the calendar, when completed, be published and distri- 
buted under the direction of the representatives of the conference. 

Fot'KTTi. That tlie necessary nn.mcy for t'.ic preparation, publication. 
and distribution of the calendar be raised by voluntary contributions 
from the historical agencies represented in the confereticc. 

Your connnittee believes that it is safe in reporting that the cost of 
preparing this calendar will not exceed $2,000. This e-timntc is made 



31 

in view of the fact that officials of the archives of the colonies in Paris 
have already prepared -in manuscript a calendar of the large and important 
series of volumes called "Correspondance generale, Loiiisiane," and that 
thus a portion of the work contemplated is done. This calendar is ex- 
pected to be printed ; if it is not, a copy of it can doubtless be procured. 

The committee further agreed to recom.mend that, in the absence of 
strong special reasons to the contrary, state historical societies and simi- 
lar organizations should refrain from large plans for the transcribing 
and printing of foreign archives until the descriptive list above referred to 
has been prepared, and until the processes of photographic reproduction 
have been more fully advanced and more thoroughly studied. 

Very respectfully submitted. 
DuNB.\R RowL.AXD. Chairman, 
J. F. Jameson, 

WORTHINGTOX C. FORD. 

R. G. Thvvaites, 
EvARTS B. Greece. 
Thomas M. Owen. 
B. F. Sha?.[baugh. 

After the report had been read and the matter had been 
thrown open for discussion. Dr. Rowland pledg-ed for the his- 
torical department of liis own State the sum of $200, and said he 
was authorized also to promise the same for the Department 
of Archives and History of Alabama. Upon this, other promises 
were made of an informal nature. In answer to an inquiry. Dr. 
Rowdand stated that the sums desired would he wanted in the 
course of the next year to take advantai^e of ^\r. Leland's pres- 
ence in Paris. After further discussion, upon motion, it was re- 
solved that the same committee should be continued and that the 
conference should authorize the committee to correspond with 
the proper officers of the various State historical departments 
witli regard to the financial co-operation proposed by Dr. Row- 
land's committee. As a result of further discussi(Hi. it wa> vc^cd 
to lea\-e it to the discretion of the cfMumittce to wait for the sul)- 
scription of the entire stun necessary before prc^ceedinL: to the 
work or to 2:0 ahead as soon as reasonable a()pr()pri.itiou< were 
pledged. 



32 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CO-OPERATION OF HISTORICAL 
DEPARTMENTS AND SOCIETIES 

To the Conference of Historical Societies, of the American Historical 
Association. 

The Committee of seven on Co-operation of Historical Departments 
and Societies submits the following report : 

This conference of the historical societies and departments affiliated 
with the American Historical Association had its origin in the idea that 
such organizations, for the preservation of history, had, perhaps, be- 
come too self-satisfied with their achievements, too much engrossed in 
the contemplation of the development of their own States and of the 
impress they had made on the nation, and too much given to old 
methods of adm.inistration to be doing very effective work. It was felt 
that the historical agencies of the country were wasting time and money 
in independent research, which couM be better performed by co-operative 
effort. That such conditions existed was clearly brought out at the first 
conference held in Chicago in 1904, and the meetings of each year since 
have convinced us that co-operation is the cure for the wasteful and in- 
effective methods into which the historical societies of the country had 
fallen. 

This awakened consciousness of the necessity for co-operative ac- 
tivities had its origin among historical agencies of the Mississippi Val- 
ley, and is doubtless attributable to some extent to the fact that his- 
torical work in the South and middle West is largely supported by the 
State. This, connected with a common interest in the French occupation 
of the Valley of the Mississippi, enabled your committee to suggest, at 
the Richmond meeting, a plan for co-operative work in the French ar- 
chives. 

At the Richmond meeting the following recommendations of the 
committee were adopted by the Conference : 

First. That the historical agencies of the Mississippi basin join in a 
co-operative search of the French archives for historical material re- 
lating to the States embraced in that territory-. 

Second. That a complete working calendar of all materi.il in the 
French archives, relating to the Mississippi basin, be prepared by an agent 
appointed by the representatives of the Conference having the matter 
in hand. 

Third. That the calendar, v.-hcn completed, be publi-hcd and dis- 
tributed under the direction of the representatives of the Conference. 

Fourth. That the necessary money for the preparation, publica 
tion, and distribution of the calendar bo rai-^cd by voluntary contribu 
tions from the historical agencies reprcscnte<l in tin Conference 



33 

That a distinct advance has been made in the method for the study 
of the French sources of American History by the plan reported and 
adopted at the Richmond meeting is generally conceded. The purpose 
of this report, therefore, is to inform- the Conference of the progress 
made since the last meeting. 

It has been conserv^atively estimated that the preparation of a com- 
prehensive calendar of French archives concerning American history will 
cost $2,000.00 ; and that amount has been raised by subscriptions from 
the historical agencies holding membership in the American Historical 
Association, and represented in this Conference. One thousand dollars 
was pledged at the Richmond Conference by the Alabama Department of 
Archives and History, the Illinois Historical Library, the Iowa His- 
torical Society, the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, and 
the Wisconsin Historical Society. Since that time subscriptions amount- 
ing to $i,ooo.co have been secured from the Chicago Historical Society, 
the Howard Memorial Library, the Indiana Historical Society, the Kan- 
sas Historical Society, the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society, 
and the Missouri Historical Society. The sum contributed by each fol- 
lows : 

Alabama Department of Archives and History $ 200.00 

Chicago Historical Society 5000 

Howard Memorial Librarv' 200.00 

Illinois Historical Library 200.00 

Indiana Historical Society 200.00 

Iowa Historical Society- 200.00 

Kansas Historical Society 100.00 

Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society 200.00 

]Mississippi Department of Archives and History 250.00 

Missouri Historical Society 20000 

Wisconsin Historical Society. . 200.00 

Total $2,000.00 

The greater part of the necessary funds had been contributed by 
May I, 1909, and the success of the undertaking was assured at that 
time, but the committee deemed it best, before making arrangements to 
begin work on the calendar, to have dchnite pledges for $2.ooo.(x:>. In 
order, however, that no time should l)e lost after the money was in 
sight a tentative plan for the preparation of the calendar w.-j'^ asrrecd 
upon at a meeting of the committee in Washington. 

The Department of Historical Research of the Carnegie Instuution 
has been engaged for some time in the preparation of a gui<lc to the 
French archives in so far as they relate to American history. The work 
is being done by ^Ir. Waldo G. Leland. the secretary of the Association 
and of this Conference. This employment has given Mr. Leland an 



34 

extensive knowledge of the archives to be calendared, which is an essen- 
tial equipment to work of the nature in which we are to engage. It is 
of the first importance that the calendar be prepared under the direction 
and supervision of an American student of American history; it is also 
necessary that he should be a skilled archi\nst and investigator. To 
secure the services of such a man was not easy; and the consideration 
of that problem occupied the attention of the committee for many 
months. Its solution is due to the generous co-operation of Dr. J. F. 
Jameson. Director of the Department of Historical Research of the 
Carnegie Institution, and of Mr. Leland, his assistant. Dr. Jameson was 
requested by the committee to ascertain if Mr. Leiand's other duties 
would allow him to undertake the direction and supervision of a com- 
plete calendar of French archives relating to American history. After 
going over the situation together Dr. Jameson and Mr. Leland decided 
that the work could be done in connection with the compilation of the 
guide to French historical materials. Mr. Leland has undertaken the 
work purely as a labor of love and freely gives his valuable services t?o 
the committee without compensation. The Conference is indeed fortunate 
in this happy solution of the problem of supervision; for an authorita- 
tive piece of work is now assured. 

The organization of the undertaking will be left largely to the dis- 
cretion of Mr. Leland. He is authorized to employ all necessary as- 
sistants and has full authority as to details. It is the wish of the com- 
mittee to make the calendar as complete and comprehensive as pos- 
sible; and with this idea in view no limitation as to dates to be covered 
has been laid down. 

Dr. J. F. Jameson has been appointed treasurer of the calendar fund. 
and subscriptions will be sent to him, addressed to Bond Building, 
Washington, D. C. Contributors will be notified when their subscrip- 
tions are needed. 

While it is somewhat difficult to give an exact estimate of the time 
re<:iuired for the completion of the calendar, it is believed that the work 
can be done by the director and four assistants in about one year. You 
may be assured, however, that the undertaking will not be rushed at 
the expense of accuracy and thoroughness. 

The work of calendaring the French archives has been carefully or- 
gani7ed, and is being pushed as rap-dly as a high standard of accuracy 
will permit. 

Before closing its aimnal ' n-p'^'-t of progrc<=s your committer ex- 
presses its deep oblii:aunn to ilu- histuric:d agmcies contributing to the 
success oi the undertaking wuli which ii has been charged by the Con- 
ference. It i-^ c.\p'~'^"^^''l ''i:'' '^^'' pi'-nior tnovcUKnt. looldng to the 
co-operation of historical agencies iti comn^.on fields of activity, is but 
the beginning of a work of supreme importance, which, in tim.\ mav 
bring about the co-operution of \hr. oriyinai Thirteen States in calendar- 



1733115 

ing the English archives, and of the Pacific Coast States and Texas in 
doing similar work in the Archives of Spain. The committee has made 
a notable beginning, and better things are confidently looked for, when 
the possibilities of co-operation are better understood. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Dunbar Rowland, Chairman, 

WORTHINGTON C. FORD, 

EvARTS B. Greene, 
J. F. Jameson, 
Thomas M. Owen, 
B. F. Shambaugh, 
R. G. Thwaites. 

Submitted at the New York meeting of the American His- 
torical Association, held December 27-30, 1909. 
Report approved and committee continued. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CO-OPERATION OF HISTORICAL 
SOCIETIES AND DEPARTMENTS. 

To the Conference of State and Local Historical Societies of the Ameri- 
can Historical Association. 

The Committee of seven on Co-operation of Historical Societies and 
Departments submits the following report of progress : 

The last report of the committee, submitted to the Conference at its 
meeting in New York, December 28, 1909, stated that tlie funds neces- 
sary for the preparation of a calendar of French archives concerning 
the Mississippi Valley had been subscribed, and that the work had 
begun, under the direction of Mr. W. G. Leland, of the Department of 
Historical Research of the Carnegie Institution. Mr. Leland has sub- 
mitted the following report to the committee of the work of the past 
year: 

Report of Work on the Calendar of Documents iv the French Ar- 
chives Relating to the History of the Mississippi Valley. 
Active work on the calendar was commenced in November, 1909. as 
soon as tho guarante*^ fimd had been secured. A laree portion of the 
field to he gone over had a'rendy been ro\ercd by the Carne.'.n'e Institu- 
tion, in summary fashion, but in such way tliat the results of that work 
will aid largely and materially in the pr-. par.itinn of the calendar. A 
single assistant was employed, at $30 a month, until October, iqio. 
since which time another assistant. .Tt $-)0. lins been secured. This 
second assistant. M. Doysie, will be capable of carrying the work to 
completion after my return to America. 



36 

Most of the work in the foreign office and in the National library 
has now been completed, and my own notes will be nearly sufficient for 
the war office. The principal bodies of archives to search, after the work 
in the three already mentioned has been completed, are the National Ar- 
chives, the Archives of the Marine, and the Archives of the Colonies. 

A complete manuscript list has already been made of the documents 
in the Correspondence Gcnerale, Louisiane, by an official of the Ar- 
chives of the Colonies. This has been offered to me for 500 francs, and 
I intend to take it, for it will save much time to use it. 

A list has also been made of all the documents from the French ar- 
chives relating to Louisiana, noted in Stevens' Manuscript Index of 
Documents in European archives relating to America, between 17^3 and 
1783, the Index being in the Library of Congress. 

I have found it better to employ a small number of assistants and to 
supervise their work closely, than to employ a larger number whose 
work I should be obliged to take more or less on faith. , 

The work in the archives should be completed in December, 191 1, or 
at the latest by June, 1912, it being necessary to allow a certain latitude 
as to time. The calendar should be ready to print during the year of 1912. 
It is preferred to arrange the entries in chronological order, each entry 
having also a number. Each entry will contain so far as possible, the 
following data : Date, place of writing, author, person to whom sent, 
title of document, if any, description of contents, mentioning especially 
names of places, persons, tribes, rivers, etc., etc. ; character of document, 
i. e., original copy, translation, signatures, etc., length, and location in 
the archives. 

It is not probable that much will be found of date later than 1S04, 
but the search v.ill be carried on in the foreign office until 1848, and in 
the other repositories as late as is permitted, i. c., about 1S50. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Paris, November 30, 19 10. \V. G. Leland. 

Since the last report was submitted the State Historical Society of 
Missouri has subscribed $150.00 to the fund. 

Dr. J. F. JamesoTi, Treasurer of the Mississippi Valley Fund, has sub- 
mitted his' financial report as follows: 

ST.-\TEMHXT OF THE TREASURER OF THE MISSISSIPPI 
VALLEY FUND. 

RECEIPTS. 

Wisconsin Historical Society $JOO 00 

Indiana Historical Society 200 00 

Mississippi Department of Archives and History 250 00 

Missouri Historical Society 200 00 

$850 00 



37 

EXPENDITURES. 

Services : Mile. Bo.ssart, chs. i, 2, 3, 4, 7, 9 , $169 12 

F. M. Dennis, chs. 6, 8, 10 52 00 

W. G. Leland, for subsequent clerical aid in Paris by 

Mile. Bossart and M. Daysie, chs. 11, 12 400 00 — 621 12 

Balance on hand December 13, 1910 $228 88 

The remainder of the fund subscribed will be paid to the Treasurer 
when it is needed. 

Very respectfully submiitted, 

Dunbar Rowland, Chairman, 
J. F. Jameson, 
R. G. Thwaites, 
worthington c. ford, 
Thomas M Owen, 
Evarts B. Greene, 
B. F. Shambaugh. 

Submitted at the Indianapolis meeting- of the American His- 
torical Association, December 27-30, 19 10. 
Report approved and committee continued. 



■'«»^!«^"««*'?'«WWMW|^pS 



Bt Ji^Jjt»i?;»-MM i .l" l l,JJ II l i >l.liUJ | W ' ^j|J*J<W.".» ''' »y"^ ^ ^ 



&;:: 



^M ir:: :rr/;iE or i^'n:M::-:vn lo rn\: 
I 1 tn'Ai'E F>.:7«:rinruT or /.ncinvi:s /^^ 

' ^ I i:r,rr2!":r?!?/;nai^^ c^f im: tact ^iii/*t 

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7, 




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fe.^...-.,^. 



FACSIMILE OF BRONZE TABLET PREGENTCD BY COLONIAL 
DAMES OF MISSISSIPPI 

IGN WAS MADE AND THE INSCRrF^TION COMPOSED BY MRS. DUNBAR ROWLAI 
ASSISTANT, MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 



TENTH ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



DIRECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT 

OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY OF 

THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI 



FROM 



November 1, 1910, to October 31, 191 



DUNBAR ROWLAND, LL. D. 
DIRECTOR 



Nashvii lk. Tknn. 
Prkss of Brandon 1'riniin>. Companv 

IQI J 



TENTH ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

DIRECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 



Department of Archives and History, 

Jackson, Miss., November i, 19 ii. 
To Dr. R. IV. Jones, Bishop W. B. Murrah, Hon. J. R. Preston. 

Judge Edzvard Mayes, Capt. IV. T. Rat I iff, Judge R. H. 

Thompson, Dr. F. L. Riley, Prof. G. H. Bninson, and Prof. 

J. M. White, Trustees of the Mississippi Department of Ar- 
chives and History. 

Gentlemen: I have the honor to submit my tenth annual 
report as Director of the Mississippi Department of Archives 
and History, covering the period from November i, 1910. to 
October 31, 1911. 

Before taking up the activities of the current year, [ take the 
privilege of referring to the fact that it is now very near ten 
years since the organization of this Department. We had faith 
in the idea of State-supported historical work from the be<::in- 
ning and it is gratifying to know that the plan is no^v generally 
accepted as the best method of history preserv^ation. We never 
doubted the ultimate success of our undertaking, but sooner tlian 
we expected it became an accepted fact among us, which speaks 
well for the higher aspirations of our people. 

Five members of this lx>ard have been with us from the begin- 
ning, four joined us at a later period. To you all am 1 indebted 
for the completest co-operation. If it is possible to err in giving 
a free hand you may have done so. for. from the beginning, ir 
has been your policy to give me the greatest {>o>sible treedom m 
the development of a work which has occupied m\- thcMight for 
the past ten years. I may, perhaps, be pardoned for saying 10 
vou that these years have been full of many varied and (htticidt 



tasks which have grown with each passing year. But while that 
is true, it is also true that it has been congenial, satisfying labor. 
It is only natural that there should be a love for a work which 
has filled ten years of one's life. Add to that the feeling which 
comes from creation and you will understand my relation to this 
work. I could not say less on this, the tenth anniversary of our 
association tosfether. 



Meeting of Board of Trustees. 

The Board of Trustees of the Mississippi Department of Ar- 
chives and History held its ninth annual meeting in the Hall of 
History, November 2, 1910, with the following members present : 
Judge Edward Mayes, Bishop W. B. Murrah, Judge R. H. 
Thompson, Prof. G. H. Brunson, Dr. F. L. Riley, Prof. J. M. 
White, and Hon. J. R. Preston. Dr. Jones was absent on account 
of illness and Capt. Ratliff on account of conflicting engagements. 
In the absence of Dr. Jones, Judge Mayes, Vice-President of the 
board, presided. 

The annual report of the Director was read, discussed, and 
approved. 

On the recommendation of the Director, it was unanimously 
voted : 

That volumes of documentary history hereafter to be pub- 
lished be sold at the rate of $3.00 a volume, and that the revenue 
derived from such sales be used for the purchase of transcripts. 
or other historical material, for preparing and editing publications 
or for other purposes. 

Thercupc^n, upon motion, the board adjourned. 

Edward ?^ I ayes, 
DuxDAR Rowland. Vicc-Prcsidciit, Presiding. 

Secretary. 

Meeting of A}nerican Historical Assocuitioi. 

The twenty-sixth annual meeting; of the .-Vmcrican Historical 
Association was held in Indianaf)olis, PcccmlKT 27-30, 1910. 



43 

This meeting is a most important event in the historical circles of 
the United States, and it has been my custom to attend since I 
have been engaged in this work. Very many of the more impor- 
tant activities looking to history preservation have their begin- 
nings in the Association. 

In my last report attention was called to the necessity for the 
adoption of a new policy for the preservation and conservation 
of the national archives. That idea was made the subject of a 
paper which I submitted to the International Congress of Ar- 
chivists, held in Brussels, August 28-31, 1910. 

In arranging the program for the Indianapolis meeting the 
Secretary of the Association invited me to prepare a paper on 
''The Concentration of State and National Archives." The pur- 
pose of the paper was to awaken an interest in a plan for the 
erection in Washington of a National Archives Building, similar 
to the English Public Record Office, in London, for the preserva- 
tion, care, and classification of the official archives of the United 
States, which are now stored in about one hundred unsuitable 
buildings in the National Capitol. In connection with that sub- 
ject the Association took the following action: 

Vote of The American Historical AssoaATioN, Indianapolis. 
December 30, 191 0. 

The American Historical Association, concerned for the presen-'ation 
of the records of the National Government, as muniments of our na- 
tional advancement, and as material which historians must use in order 
to ascertain the truth; and aware that the records are in many cases now 
stored where they are in danger of destruction by fire, and in places 
which are not adapted to their preservation, and where they are inacces- 
sible for administrative and historical purposes; and knowing that many 
of the records of the Government have in the past been lost or destroyed. 
because suitable provision for their care and preservation was not made, 
do respectfully petition the Cou^rrress of the United States to take such 
steps as may be necessary to erect in the City of Washin.Tt^n a national 
archive depository, where the records of the Government may be con- 
centrated, properly cared for, and preserved. 

Jefferson Davis Papers. 
I regard the collection of material for a life <>f JcfTcr.son 
Davis as one of the Department's most importaiu activities. Tlic 



44 

progress of this undertaking has been reported each year since 
its inception. Since the last report, the collection of Davis pa- 
pers has been more rapid than usual. This was brought about 
by my examination of the official and private papers of Mr. 
Davis, which were presented by Mrs. Davis to the Confederate 
Memorial Hall, in Xew Orleans. I made a careful study of the 
collection during January and February of the present year and 
selected quite a large number of letters and documents which 
threw much new light on some of the most important incidents 
in Mr. Davis's career. These have been carefully copied, are 
now on file in the Department, and make about two thou-and 
pages of typewritten matter. 

Mississippi Proznncial Archives, English Dominion, iy6T,-i/66. 

We begin this year a series of publications of documentary 
history from the English archives. The volume is the first pub- 
lished product from the very valuable transcripts from European 
archives which we have been collecting since 1906, and deals with 
the first three years of English dominion in West Florida. Treat- 
ing, as it does, of the first coming of the English into what are 
now the Gulf States, east of the Mississippi river, it is an impor- 
tant source of American history, and afifords to historical students 
a new source of information. 

The publication by this Department of such historical source>. 
carefully edited, is one of the highest evidences of its usefulness. 

Transcripts of French Arch^ies. 

The collection of transcripts from the French arcl^ivcr-- ha: 
been actively carried on since the last report. I was fortunate in 
the beginning in securing the services of one of the most careful 
copyists in Paris. In addition, we hnve had the benefit of tlie 
skillful direction and supervision of Mr. Waldo G. L.eland. oi the 
Department of Historical Research of tlio Carnegie Institution. 
who has been conducting hi-toncal investigation in the French 
archives for the past four years. We now have thirtv volumes 
of these transcripts: and I feel quite safe in <avin<: that the col- 
lection is the most valuable of its kind in the I'nitcd States. Stu- 



45 



dents from New York, Washington, and Boston have come to 
Jackson to study our French transcripts and have been profuse 
in their praise of them. 



Calendar of French Archives Relating to History of Mississippi 

Basin. 

The important undertaking- of calendaring the French archives 
relating to the history of the Mississippi Basin is nearing com- 
pletion. As Chairman of the Committee of the American Histori- 
cal Association, having that work in charge, I have kept in close 
touch with it from the beginning. W'e hope to make it a model 
calendar, through which all the States of the Mississippi Basin 
may locate and secure transcripts from, the archive repositories in 
Paris of the documents which deal with the French occupation. 
The success of this, the first co-operative movement on the part 
of ten States with common historical interests, is certainly a 
forward movement in historv- preservation. 

Purchase of Early Natchez Nezvspapcr Files. 

The Department's collection of newspapers has. heretofore, 
been weak and unsatisfactory for the territorial period of Missis- 
sippi history. Owing to a purchase, made since the last report, 
of a file of newspapers published at Natchez and ^\'a^hington l)y 
Andrew Marschalk, the pioneer printer of Mississippi, we now 
have a most valuable newspaper source of our territorial iiistory. 
The collection is a part of the office file; it has been preserved by 
Miss Mary Stewart, a descendant of Andrew Marschalk. and 
was purchased from her. A list of the papers follows: 

Washington Republican (weekly) : 

Vol. I. April 13-Dec. 22, 1813. 

Vol. 2. Dec. 29, 1813-April 12. 1815. Bound together. 

Vol. 3. April 19, i8r5-April 17. 1816. 

Washington Republican and Natchez Intelligencer: 

Vol. 4. April 24. 1816-April 16. 1817. 

Vol. 5. .April 2:\, 181 7 Dec. 27, 1817. Bound toi;ellicr. 



46 

A few unbound numbers of the Mississippi Herald and Natchez Gazette 
from Vol. i6, April 15, 1806-June 10, 1807. 

Mississippi Republican (weekly) : 

Vol. 6. Jan. 14-April 16, 1818. 

Vol. 7. April 17, i8i8-Jan. 12, 1819. Bound together. 

Vol. 7. Jan. 19, 1819-March 2, 1819. 

Vol. 8. March 9, 1819-Jan. 25, 1820. 

Vol. 9. Feb. I, 1820-Oct. 31, 1820. Bound together. 

Vol. 12. Oct. 17, 1822-June 19, 1823. 

Vol. 13. June 26, 1823-Dec. 18, 1823. 

Vol. I. New series. Dec. 31, 1823-Dec. 22, 1824. Bound together. 

A large number of scattered issues, from Vols. 5 to 12, 1817 to 1822, 
bound together. 

Mississippi State Gazette (weekly) : 
Vol. 6. Jan. 3, i8i8-Dec. 30, 1818. 
Vol. 7. Jan. 2, i8io-Dec. 25. (Published as weekly to Sept. 5, 1818, 

after that as semi-weekly till July, 1819.) 
Vol. 6. (Duplicate) Jan. 3, i8i8-Dec. 30, 1818. 
Vol. 7. Jan. 2, 1819-Dec. 25. Bound together. 
Vol. 7. (Duplicate) Jan. 6, 1819-Dec. 25, 1819. 
Vol. 8. Jan. i, 1820-Dec. 30, 1820. Bound together. 
Vol. 8. (Duplicate) Jan. i. 1820-Dec. 30, 1820. 
Vol. 9. Jan. 6, 1821-Dec. 29, 1821. 
Vol. 9. (Duplicate) Jan. 6, 1821-Dec. 29. 
Vol. 10. Jan. 5, 1822-Dec. 14. Bound together. 
Vol. 10. (Duplicate) Jan. 5, 1822-Dec. 28. 
Vol. II. Jan. I, 1823-Dec. 27, 1823. (Published as semi-weekly from 

January to October. 1823.) Bound together. 
Vol. 12. Jan. 3, 1824-Dec. 25. 1824. 
Vol. 13. Jan. I, 1825-Dec. 31, 1825. (Published as semi-weekly from 

May to October, 1825.) 

Natchez Gazette (weekly) : 

Vol. 14. Jan. 7. 1826-Dec. 30, 1826. 

Vol. 24. Jan. 6. 1827-Feb. 10, 1827. Bound together. 

Natchez Newspaper and Public .^(Ivertisc^ (weeklv) : 
Vol. T. .-\pril 18. T8-6-Dec. 20. Thirty-five numbers. 

Mississippi Statesman: 

Vol. I. Dec. 2:,, 1826-Feb. 7, 1827. 

Mississippi Statesman and Natchez Gazette : 

Vol. I. Feb. 14-Dec. 20, 1827. All three bound together. 



47 

Statesman and Gazette (weekly) : 
Vol. 2. Dec. 27, 1827-Dec. 25, 1828. 
Vol. 3. Jan. I, 1829-Dec. 26. Bound together. 

Southern Galaxy (weekly) : 

Vol. I. May 22, 1828-May 21, 1829. 

Vol. 2. May 28, 1829-May 20, 1830. Bound together. 

Current Nezvspapcr Files. 

Three hundred and fifty bound volumes of current newspaper 
files have been added to the collection during the year. It has 
never been the policy of the Department to attempt to preserve 
files of all Mississippi newspapers, as such an accumulation would 
finally become unwieldy. We have a fairly complete file of about 
seventy-five representative Mississippi newspapers for the past 
ten years, and the, shelving of these is fact becoming a problem. 
While the value of properly conducted newspapers as historical 
sources is recognized by all students, the use of such materials 
is a most prolific source of errors, and needs to be guarded by a 
careful verification of the data taken from them. 

Colonial Dames Memorial Tablet. 

The Mississippi Society of the Colonial Dames of America 
at the annual miceting held in Natchez, ]\Iay 26. 19 10, voted that 
the society place a bronze tablet in the State Hall of Fame, com- 
memorative of Spanish, French, and English dominion over v.-Jiat 
is now the State of Mississippi. The action of the society was 
communicated to the Department, June 2. by its President. Mrs. 
William Benneville Rhodes, of Natchez, and she was at once as- 
sured that the proposed commemorative tablet would be a most 
suitable and acceptable gift to the Department. Tlie presentation 
was arranged for Washington's birthday, February 22, lOir. 
Mrs. Chalmers ^leek Williamson, Regent of the Mississippi So- 
ciety Daughters of the American Revolution, presided : Mrs. Wil- 
liam Benneville Rhodes. State President ot the Mi^si^-ippi So- 
ciety of Colonial Dames, presented the tablet, and it was accepted 
by Mrs. Dunbar Rowland. Assistant in the Missis'^ippi Dcp.irt- 
ment of .Archives and Histors'. 



^8 

Official and Statistical Register for IQ12. 

The preparation of the ^lississippi Official and Statistical Reg- 
ister has largely occupied the attention of the Department during 
the past year. The Register is now regarded as a standard 
authority upon Mississippi history and the data contained in it 
has been accepted and used by the editors of the best encyclopedic 
publications of the day. The register of 1912 will contain the 
usual permanent features which have appeared in the issues of 
1904 and of 1908, and, in addition, much new data will be in- 
cluded. A special appropriation of $3,000.00 was made at the 
last session of the Legislature for the publication of the volume. 

National Archives Building. 

In June I went to \^^ashington for the purpose of appearing 
before the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds of the 
House of Representatives in advocacy of the erection of a Na- 
tional Archives Building in Washington. A bill for that purpose 
had been introduced in the House by the Honorable Morris Shep- 
pard, of Texas, Chairman of the committee, and hearings were 
being held. The friends of the movement are much indebted to 
Mr. Sheppard for the sympathetic and intelligent interest which 
he has taken in the proposed building. 

On the suggestion of Honorable John Sharp Williams. I pre- 
pared a memorial to Congress upon the subject of a Xational 
Archives Building, which he presented to the Senate and wliicli 
was printed as Senate document Xo. 64; it \\"as also printed at the 
instance of Mr. Sheppard as Bulletin Xo. 18. hearings before the 
Committee of Public Buildings and Grounds relating to the 
preservation of government archives. Copies of my Indianapo!i< 
paper, the vote of the American Historical A^^sQciation. and the 
memorial were i:)laced in the hands of every Senator and Con- 
gressman. The memorial was also signed by Dr. Thoma- \\. 
Owen for the Alabama Dcpartiuent of Archives and lii-tory. 
We all deliglit to honor Dr. Ov.en as one of tlio pioneer- ir, ar- 
chive presen-'ation. 

The promoters of the Xational Vrchive^ lUiildin;:: nioxemont 
are very hopeful of its final <ucccs^. 



49 

In order that our record may be complete, the memorial pre- 
sented by Senator Williams follows: 

SENATE. 

Sixty,second Congress, First Session. Document No. 64. 

National Archives Building. 

Mr. Williams presented the following memorial of the Department 
of Archives and History of the States of Mississippi and Alabama, re- 
spectively, relative to a National Archives Building. 

July II, 1911— Ordered to be printed. 

MEMORIAL FOR A NATIONAL ARCHIVES BUILDING. 

To fke Congress of the United States: 

We respectfully memorialize the Congress to provide for the concen- 
tration, care, preserwiticn and classification of the historical records of 
the National Government which are now stored in more than 100 inadequate 
and unsuitable repositories in the city of Washington, where they can prop- 
erly be used neither for administrative nor historical purposes. These rec- 
ords are the muniments of our national life; they contain the storv- of our 
achievements as a people, and their preservation now for the use of future 
generations is a duty which the nation owes to its history. 

UNSATISFACTORY CONDITIONS. 

The National Government has never adopted a systematic plan for 
the care and presentation of the public archives. The records of the 
nation have been allowed to accunudate in the departments in which 
they originated ; no provision has been made for the overflow which 
has been flooding the departments for more than half a century, and 
public archives of great historical value have been stufTcd away in 
dusty garrets and damp cellars. When such places would hold no more, 
buildings were rented and records stored in them. It has been reliably 
stated that there are at present, in the city of Washington, at least 100 
buildings which are used as archive repositories, and it has been estimated 
that the Government is paying $50,000 a year for storage of the national 
archives. The rented buildings, in nearly every- instance, are not fireproof, 
and are entirely unsuited for archive repositories. 

DESTRUCTION OF RECORDS. 

The overcrowding of the departments with the national archives has 
been the cause of the destruction of valuable records siniplv for the. 



50 

reason that there was no place to put them, and destruction was the 
easiest sokition of the difficulty. In addition to deliberate destruction, 
the public archives have often been destroyed by fire on account of 
the failure to provide fireproof buildings for their preservation. While 
losses from these causes have been great, the damage and disintegration 
which have come about from overcrowding in garrets, cellars and other 
out-of-the-way places, have been far greater. Indeed, the extent of the 
loss from dust, moths, and mildew cannot be estimated. That it has 
been very great there can be no doubt. Manuscripts when folded, boxed 
and packed away, where the air and sunlight cannot get to them, dete- 
riorate very rapidly, and when we remember that the national archives of 
the United States have been treated in that way for a century, it may be 
readily imagined how great the destruction has been. 



REMEDY FOR EXISTING EVILS. 

The archive evils now existing in the United States, traceable to 
early neglect, continue because of the failure to concentrate the nation's 
archives in one suitable building, planned and constructed for a national 
archive repository. Other nations have cured the evils from which we 
are now suffering, and the remedy has always been the same — that is, 
the concentration of all the national archives not necessary for admin- 
istrative purposes in one suitable building located at the seat of gov- 
ernment. England has had such a system in operation since 1S56; 
France, Holland and Austria have adopted it ; Saxony, one of the 
German kingdoms is about to erect one of the completest archive buildings 
in the world, and there are no nations in F-urope which are not, in 
archive preservation, far in advance of our ov.-n. The experience of 
many years has demonstrated to European countries the wisdom of 
concentrating the national archives in a central repository. 



ADVANTAGES OF CONCENTRATION. 

The plan of concentrating the public records in a national archives 
f)uilding is very desirable from an administrative as well as from an 
historical standpoint. Under existing conditions long and laborious 
searches are frequently necessary in the daily administration of public 
affairs on account of crowded conditions and defective classification. A 
scientific system of prcscr\-ation in a suitable archives building has these 
advantages : 

(1) It promotes the orderly and expeditious administration of public 
affairs. 

(2) It affords an opr)ortunity of grasping the archive problem as a 
whole and brings expert knowledge to its -olution. 



61 

(3) It gives notice to students and historians that in one well- 
arranged repository the entire documentary history of the nation may 
be found. 

(4) It emphasizes the importance of the national archives as his- 
torical sources and encourages and stimulates the writing of accurate 
history. 

(5) It promotes uniformity of administration, provides for a logical 
and systematic classification of historical material, and makes easier the 
study of any question or problem. 

(6) It gives notice to the world that our country is regardful of 
the higher things in the conservation of its history. 

In view of the foregoing facts, we respectfully petition the Congress 
to take the necessary steps for the erection of a national archives build- 
ing at the seat of government. 

Most respectfully submitted, 

Mississippi State Department of Archives and History, 

By DuNB-\R Rowland, Director. 

Alabama State Department of Archives and History, 

By Thomas M. Owen, Director. 
Jackson, Miss., July 8, 1911. 

Marking Historic Sites. 

The marking of historic sites in Mississippi has been under- 
taken by the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Na- 
tional Society of Colonial Dames in i^Iississippi. At the sugges- 
tion of the Department, the D. A. R.'s have decided to place 
markers at historic points along the Natchez Trace, such as 
Natchez, Washington, Grindstone Ford, Doak's Store. Letlores, 
and where the Trace crosses the Mississippi-Alabama line. A 
marker has been placed at Natchez and others are to be placed 
from time to time. The Colonial Dames were advised to n^.ark 
the sites of Fort Maurepas and Fort RosaHe and they are now 
formulating plans for that purpose. The State shoul I assist in 
this good work, and it is my purpose to inchule the marking oi 
historic sites in the purposes for which the fluids of the Depart* 
ment may be used in our next appropriation bill. 



52 



Butler Collection of Indian Antiquities. 

In August, last, I went to Lake George, Yazoo County, to see 
the Butler collection of Indian antiquities which was made by Mr. 
Brevort Butler, a skillful and reliable collector of that county 
who spent a life-time in making it. Mr. Butler died about two 
years ago and the heirs of his estate wish to sell the collection to 
the State. I was invited by Capt. James S. Butler, one of the 
heirs, to go over the collection and place a valuation upon it; I 
accepted the invitation and was his guest at Lake George for 
two days. The collection was carefully examined and found to 
be large and valuable and I am inclined to the opinion that it 
epuals if it does not exceed in importance any other collection 
made by an individual for his own pleasure. There are about 
fourteen thousand articles in the collection and these represent 
about every kind of implement, ornament, or weapon used in the 
daily life of the Indians. I am very much of the opinion that 
the State should purchase the collection for preservation and dis- 
play in this Department, if it can be bought at a reasonable valua- 
tion. 

Visiting Historians. 

Historians continue to come to Jackson to work in our col- 
lections. Our large accumulation of transcripts and the accessi- 
bility of original records have attracted the attention of students, 
both at home and abroad, to such an extent that they are in 
great demand. There is an entire absence of red tape in the 
use of the records, and this has encouraged serious historical 
students. 

Classification of Archives. 

We are now in a position to see the end of the work of class- 
ifying the archives of the Department, which has been going on 
for the past ten years. The work has been carefully done, and 
when it is completed we may congratulate ourselves upon the 
fact that }.Tissis>ippi is the first State in the Union to undertake 
and complete such a task. The magnitude of the undertaking 
may be understood only by those wlio have some knowledge of 
the chaotic condition of the State's archives when tliov were 



53 

turned over to this Department in 1902. While the work has at 
times been a supreme test of patience, it has been accompHshed 
by persevering effort. The value of such a classification is incal- 
culable. Of Vv-hat use is an important historical record if it is 
lost in a confused mass of papers? For all practical purposes it 
might as well be out of existence. Make it accessible and you 
have done something of value. Alake the accumulated archives 
of a century, which contain the history of a great State, access- 
ible and you have made a lasting contribution to historical science. 

Hall of Fame — Museum. 

The entire wall space of the Hall of Fame is now filled with 
excellent oil portraits of distinguished Mississippians. The col- 
lection is one of unusual merit when the method by which it was 
gathered together is considered. It was feared in the beginning 
— and that feeling was entirely natural — that many portraits of 
inferior quality would find their way into the collection through 
gifts, but that fear has proved to be unfounded, as in every instance 
the donors of portraits have asked for advice, and, in the main, 
have secured the best obtainable talent. Some great portrait 
painters are represented in the gallery ; and we have every reason 
to be proud of our Hall of Fame. 

It is unfortunate that it has been found necessary, on ac- 
count of want of room, to keep our display of historical relics 
in the Hall of Fame. The museum has now reached the point 
when its extent and value require a large exhilMtion room. This 
crowded condition of affairs extends to all divisions of the work. 
additional office room is needed, and the archives division is much 
too small for the demands upon it. 

Portrait of Gov. Robert WilliaiJis. 

Our collection of governors of Mississippi Territory has been 
incomplete up to this time. We failed for many years to secure 
a likeness of Governor Robert Williams. ahhou,[^h (hh-cnt ctTorts 
to find one were put forth. We have at Last, through the kindness 
of Mrs. A. Mc. Kimbrough, of Greenwood, Miss., a doccndant 
of a sister of Governor Winiatn>. secured a beautiful miniatnre 



54 

of him, from which an oil portrait is to be made. Mrs. Kim- 
brough has g-enerously agreed to allow the Department to keep 
the miniature until the portrait is hung. 

Preservation of the Old Capitol. 

In the second annual report of this Department, which was 
written just before leaving the old capitol for the new" in Septem- 
ber, 1903, the suggestion was made that the old building should 
be preserved for historical purposes. Since that time the patriotic 
organizations of the State have urged its preservation upon the 
Legislature, while on the other hand, efforts have been made to 
sell the entire property. For eight years, mainly through the 
efforts of our patriotic and State-loving women, the effort to sell 
the old capitoi has been prevented. The sentiment for its preser- 
vation has been gaining force year by year until now there is 
little or no opposition to it. A well directed movement, with 
much popular support behind it, for the preservation of the his- 
toric old building for the use of this Department has been inaug- 
urated, and a bill with that end in view will be introduced at 
the January session of the Legislature. It is understood that the 
plan contemplates making the building a fire-proof reposirory 
for all the collections of the Historical Department. It is hardly 
necessary to add that the proposal has the approval and support 
of the Director, and I hope that the Board will express its ap- 
proval at this meeting. 

Judge J. A. P. Campbell's Gift. 

No one has felt a greater interest in the success and progress 
of the Historical Department than has Judge J. A. P. Campbell. 
who ranks with the great Chief Justices of the South, and who 
is the last surviving signer of the first or provisional constitution 
of the Confederate States of America. The original of that 
great charter of constitutional lil^erty Is preserved in the "White 
House of the Cnnfedcracy," kni-^wn as the Confederate Museum 
in Richmond. The parchment upon which the constitution is 
written is in the form of a njll after the manticr of the ancient 
rolls of England. A facsijiiile of the signatures has been made 



55 

and Judge Campbell has very generously presented to the De- 
partment the one which came to him as one of the signers. In 
addition to this he has also presented a facsimile photograph of 
the fifty-cent silver piece issued by the Confederate States. 

Binding Manuscripts. 

By next spring the classification of the archives of the De- 
partment will be completed, and the next step to take will be 
placing the manuscripts in permanent volumes provided with 
helps for their use by students. We cannot hope to accomplish 
this all at once with the funds that are available, but the work 
of mounting and binding will proceed as soon as the entire col- 
lection has been classified. In the mean time, students will have 
access to all classified records in the unbound condition. 

Conclusion. 

We are near the end of a most Interesting period in our work. 
The experience of ten years has made us more anxious to add 
further and greater achievements to our record. For ten years 
you have held up my hands and sustained me in every good work. 
We have had no dissensions in our ranks; our cause has been 
strengthened by unity of action, and I am quite sure that all of 
our undertakings have had one end in view — that is the lionor 
and advancement of the State. I appreciate more than I can tell 
you the approval of such a body of men. 

Very respectfully submitted. 

Dunbar Rowland. 

Director. 



INDEX. 



Alabama Department of Archives and His- 
tory', 33, 51. 

Alabama, re historical mo\-ement in, G. 

Alvord, Prof. C. \V., 26. 

American Historical Association, re New 
York meeting of, 7-8, 14, 15; re co-ope- 
rative meeting in, 19-26; re Indianapo- 
lis meeting of, 42-43; re Richmond 
meeting of, 27-31, 32. 

Archives, historical, re importance of pre- 
servation of, 6; re State, classification 
of, 9, 52; re transcripts of European, 10, 
19; re Spanish, 11; re guide to Missis- 
sippi, 11; re International Congress of, 
14; re national, 16; re repositories of, 
16, 20; re Belgian, \Q; re German and 
Holland, 16, 50; re need of national 
building for. 17. 43; re French, 8, 19, 20, 
21, 22, 50, 25, 28, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36; 
re English, 20, 21; re Spanish, 22; re 
suggestions of transcripts of, 23, 24, 25, 
26,^28, 29, 30, 31; re Austrian, 50; re 
Saxon, 50. 

Austrian archives, 50. 

Belgian archives, 16. 

Berlin, 16. 

Binding documents, 12, 55. 

Blount^ Rifles, 11. 

Bossart, Mile., 37. 

British archives, see English archives. 

British Museum, 11, 15. 

Brunson, Prof. G. H., 1. 5, 7, 41, 42. 

Brussels International Congress, 14, 15, 
16, 43. 

Butler, Brevort, 52. 

Butler collection of Indian antiquities, 52. 

Butler, Capt. James S., 52. 

Bryan, Hon. Page, 16. 

Calendar of historical documents, re need 
of, 25, 28; recommended, 30, 32; cost 
of, 32, 33; report on bv Leland, 35-36, 
45. 

Campbell, Judge J. A. P., re gift of facsim- 
iles of signatures to provisional constitu- 
ti'm of Confederacy and of Confederate 
^ fifty-cent piece, 54, 55. 

Carnegie Institution, Department of His- 
torical Research. 11, 19, 25, 27. 30, 33. 

Cawtte, Il.jii. E. D., 12. 

Chicago Historical Society, 33. 

Col'^gne, 16. 

Colonial Dames, 40; re presentation of tab- 
let by, 47; re marking historic sp»ots 
by, 51. 



j Columbia E'nivcrsity, 7. 

Committee of Co-operative movement in 
i Anierican Historical Association. 20, 31; 
i report of, 27-31, 32-35, 35-37; sugges- 
I tions of, 28; recommendations of, 30. 
[ "Concentration of State and National Ar- 
; chives, Tlie," 43. 
i Confederate Memorial Hall, 44. 
Confederate military history, 14. 
Confederate Museum, 54. 
Confederate records, re binding of, 13; re 
i collection of, 13, 14. 
i Confederate veterans, re assistance to, 

13-14. _ 
I Co-operative movement in American His- 
I torical Association, 19-26; 27-31. 
i "Correspondence Generale Louisiane," 29, 
I 31, 36. 

! Daughters of American Revolution, re 
marking of historic sites by, 51. 
Davis, Jefferson, papers, 13, 43-44. 
Davis, Mrs. Jefferson, 44. 
Dennis, F. M., 37. 

Department of Archives and Historv% re 
establishment of, 4, 41; purposes of, 5; 
re connection of with French archives, 8; 
re bill for maintenance of, 8; re publica- 
tions of, 9; re use of collections of, 11; 
re newspaper files of, 12, 45, 46, 47; re 
need of more room for, 18; rt' transcripts, 
20; re contribution of for expense of 
Calendar, 33, 36; memorial of for Na- 
tional ^Archives Building, 49-51. 
DeSoto, 4. 
Doak's Store, 51. 
Doysie, M., 35, 37, 
Dresden, 16. 
Dutch archives, 16, 50. 
English archives, 20, 21, 34, 50. 
Financial Report, 2, 18. 
j Flower, State, 4. 

I Ford, Worthington C, 26. 31, 35, 37. 
I Fort Maurepas, 51. 
j Fort Rosalie. 51. 
i Frankfort, 16. 
Franz, Dr. Alexander, 17. 
French archives, 8, 20, 21, 22, 50; rf calen- 
daring of, H), 25, 28, 30. 32, 33, 34, 
35-31"); of Ministry of Marines. 21. 22; 
re Mississippi Valley. 21. 24. 29. 30. 
Galloway, Bishop Charles B.. 7, 11. 
Galvez. 2.). 
German archi\es. It). 
Greene, Evarts B.. 2t), 27. 20, 31, 'Sij, 37. 



Grindstone Ford, 51. 

Guide to Mississippi Archives, 11. 

Guion, Capt. Isaac, re military journal 
of, 14. 

Hall of Fame, 53. 

Historians, visiting Department of Ar- 
chives and History, 52. 

Historical investic^ation in South, 5, 6; in 
Mississippi Valley, 8, 17, 21, 23, 24. 

Historic sites, re marking- of, 51. 

Holland archives, see Dutch archives. 

Howard Memorial Library', 33. 

Hunt, Gaillard, 15. 

Illinois Historical Library, 33. 

"Importance of the Concentration of Na- 
tional Archives, The," 15. 

Indiana Historical Society, 33, 36. 

Indianapolis meeting of Amierican Histor- 
ical Association, 42-43; vote of, 43. 

International Congress of Archives, 14-lG, 
43, 

Iowa Historical Society, 33. 

Jameson, Dr. J. F., 26, 27, 29, 31, 34, 35, 
36, 37. 

Jones, Dr. R. W., 1, 5, 6, 41, 42. 

Kansas Historical Society, 33. 

Kimbrough, Mrs. A. Mc, 53, 54. 

Lake George, 52. 

Laws of Mississippi Territory, 13. 

Lee, Gen. Stephen D., 7. 

Leflores, 51. 

Legislation, 8. 

Legislature, letter to by Trustees, 1; me- 
morialized, 7; Historical Department 
sup[)orted by, S. 

Leland, W. G., re notes of on French ar- 
chives, 29, 31, 33, 34, 37; report of on 
Calendar of French Documents, 35-36, 
44. 

Letters, of Trustees, submitting Ninth and 
Tenth Reports, 1; of Dr. Dunbar Row- 
land to Trustees, h-%\ of Dr. Dunbar 
Rowland to Senate, 8-9; of Senate to 
Dr. Dunbar Rowland, 9. 

Library- of Congress, Manuscript Division, 
15, 17, 19, 25. 

McLaurin, Hon. \V. K., 8. 

Madison, 19, 27. 

Madrid, 22. 

Marschalk, Andrew, 45. 

Master of the Rolls, 20. 

Mayes, Judge Kdward, 1, 5. 7. 9, 41, 42. 

Memorial for National Archives Building, 
49-51. 

MichiganPione<T and Historical Society, 33. 

Mi'^sissippi Department of Archives a:\d 
History, s<x; Department of Archives 
and History. 



Mississippi Herald and Natchez Gazette, 46. 

Mississippi history, re instructions re tran- 
scripts for, 23, 24. 

Mississippi, in historical progress, 5. 

"Mississippi Provincial Archives," 10, 44. 

Mississippi Republican, 46. 

Mississippi State Gazette, 46. 

Mississippi Statesman, 46. 

Mississippi Statesman and Natchez Ga- 
zette, 46. 

Mississippi Territory, 4. 

Mississippi Valley, re history of, 17, 21, 
23, 24, 29, 30; V^ historical societies of, 
29, 30, 32; re fund, 33, 36. 

Mississippi Valley Historical Society, 26. 

Missouri Historical Society, 33, 36. 

Murrah, Bishop W. B., 1, 5, 7, 9, 41, 42. 

Museum, 11-12, 53. 

Names of places and persons in suggestions 
re transcripts, 23, 24. 

Natchez, list of early newspaper files of, 
45-47. 

Natchez Gazette, 46. 

Natchez Newspaper and Public Adverti- 
ser, 46. 

Natchez Trace, 51. 

National Archives Building, re need of, 17, 
48; memorial for, 49-51; re advantages 
of, 50, 51. 

National Public Archives Commission, 15. 

Newspaper files, 12, 45, 46, 47. 

New York meeting of i\merican Historical 
Association, 7. 

Noel, Gov., 15. 

Official and Statistical Register, 10, 48. 

Old Capitol, re preservation of, 54. 

Owen, Thomas M., 26, 27, 29, 31, 35, 37, 48. 

Paine, C. S., 26. 

Papers of persons and places, correspond- 
ence of officers, of Indians, explorations, 
boundaries, maps, grants, descriptions, 
orders, letters, re transcripts, 23, 24. 

Persons and places named in suggestions 
re transcripts, 23, 24. 

Preston, J. R., 1, 5, 7, 41, 42. 

Publications of Department of Archives 
and Histo^^^ 9-10. 

Public Record Office, 15, 17. 19, 20, 43; re 
American histon,', 20, 21. 30. 

Ratliff, Capt. \y. t.. 1, 5, 7. 9. 41. 42. 

Reports, fmancial. 2. 18; Ninth Annual, 
5-37; re Seventh and Eighth Annual, 
14; Conclusions of N.inth Annual, 18; 
A[)ix?ndix to Ninth Annual, U>-37 of 
Couimittec on Co-operation of Histori- 
cal Sf>cictics, 27-31; of Treasurer of 
Mi'^sissippi \'alley Fund, 36-37; Tonth 
Annual, 41-55. 



Repositories of archives, study of, 16, 20. 

Reynolds Club House, 27 

Rhodes, Mrs. William Benneville, 47. 

Richmond Meeting- of American Histori- 
cal Association, 27-31, 32: 

Riley, Dr. Franklin L., 1, 5, T 9, 41, 42. 

Rowland, Dr. Dunbar, indorsed by Trus- 
tees, 1; letter of to Trustees, .3-6, 41-42; 
Ninth Annual Report of, 5-37; Chair- 
man of Co-operative Committee of 
Seven, 7, 26, 27, 31, 35, 37; letter of to 
Senate, 8; appointed delegate to Brus- 
sels Congress, 14, 15; re paper of at 
Brussels Congress, 15, 16; account by of 
Co-operative Movement in American 
Historical Association, 19-26; tentative 
suggestions of, 25, 26; report of to Rich- 
mond meeting, 27-31, 32; Tenth Annual 
Report of, 41-55; re memorial of to 
Congress re National Arrhivp^ Building. 
48, 49, 50. 51. 

Rowland, Mrs. Dunbar, 47. 

Saxon archives, 50. 

Seal, of Department of Archives and His- 
tory, picture of, 4; history and descrip- 
tion of, 4. 

Senate, letter to by Dr. Dunbar Rowland, 
8-9; action of re Trustees, 9. 

Sev^ille, 22; re transcript of historical docu- 
ments in, 23, 24. 

Shambaugh, Benjamin F., 26, 27, 31, 
35, 37. 

Sharp, Gen. Jacob H., re portrait of, 12. 

Sheppard, Hon. Morris, 48. 

Southern Galaxy, 47. 



Spanish archives, 20, 22, 23, 35. 

Spanish militar>^ posts, 14. 

State Flower, 4. 

Statesman and Gazette, 47. 

Stevens' Manuscript Index, 36. 

Stewart, Miss Mary, 45. 

Study of Archive Repositories, 16, 20. 

Tablet, presented by Colonial Dames, pic- 
ture of, 40; statement re, 47. 

The tiaeue, 10. 

Thompson, Judge R. H., 1, 5, 7, 41. 42. 

Thwaites, R. G., 26, 27, 31, 35, 37. 

Towns, list of re transcripts, 23, 

Transcriots, re European archives, 10, 19, 
20, 22*, 23, 44; re French archives. 44. 
35, 36; suggestions re making, 23-24, 25- 
26. 28. ^ 

Trustees, letter of to Legislature, submit- 
ting Ninth and Tenth Annual Reiions, 
1; li=;t of 1: minutes of meeting vA, 
6-7, 42; confirmation of, S-9; letter of 
Director to, submitting Tenih Annual 
Report. 41-42. 

Washington, D. C, re committee meeting 
at, 29-31. 

Washington, Miss., 51. 

Washington Republican, 45. 

Washington Republican and Natchez In- 
telligencer, 45. 

W^hite, Prof. J. M., 1. 5, 7, 41. 42. 

Williams, Hon. John Sharp. 48, 40. 

Williams, Gov. Robert, re portrait oi, ,>J. 

Williamson, Mrs. Chalmers Meek, 47. 

W^isconsin Historical Society, 33, 36. 



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